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A double-barreled electrode for simultaneous glutamate iontophoresis and chronic single unit recording from cortical neurons in awake monkeys during voluntary movement is described. Electrode assembly consists of pulling a heated, partitioned capillary tube over a sharpened tungsten rod. Glutamate iontophoresis increased the firing rates of wrist movement(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of monochromatic infrared energy (MIRE) on plantar sensation in subjects with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 39 subjects with diabetic peripheral neuropathy completed the 8-week study. Subjects received(More)
In this study we present further evidence supporting the reciprocal nature of output effects on forearm flexor and extensor muscles from single corticomotoneuronal (CM) cells. Spike-triggered averaging of rectified EMG activity was used to test the output effects of 105 motor cortex cells in two rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) trained to perform alternating(More)
A method which improves carbon fiber microelectrode selectivity for cationic amines by electrocoating the fiber with a thin film of the ionic polymer, Nafion, is described. The selectivity and response speed of these electrodes for the detection of electroactive cationic and anionic species found in brain extracellular fluid was evaluated using differential(More)
In the present study we have examined the effects of the serotonin3 (5-HT3) agonist 2-methylserotonin (2-Me-5HT) on the dopamine (DA) release in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) of rats using in vivo chronocoulometric recording. The intraventricular (i.c.v.) administration of 2-Me-5HT dose-dependently increased the DA release in the NAc. This effect was blocked(More)
Pressure-ejection of 100 mM KCl was used to induce voltammetric signals in the rat caudate. The signals, detected chronoamperometrically with Nafion-coated carbon fiber microelectrodes, were reproducibly generated at 20-min intervals up to distances of 1600 micron from the KCl stimulus site. Unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the substantia nigra (SN)(More)
The aim of the present study was to characterize 5-hydroxytryptamine2 (5-HT2) receptors in the rat medial prefrontal cortex (mPFc) by single cell recording and microiontophoretic techniques. This was accomplished using 5-HT2 receptor agonists 1-[2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl]-2-aminopropane [(+/-)-DOI] and 1-[2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl]-2-aminopropane(More)
The effect of systemically administered diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) on the spontaneous firing rate and light-evoked responses of rat superior colliculus neurons was determined from average histograms of single unit and multiunit activity. DFP produced a dose-dependent increase in superior colliculus spontaneous activity, and a decrease in light evoked(More)
In a "blind" experimental design, the sensitivity of caudate-putamen (CPu) cells to the selective dopamine (DA) D1 receptor agonist SKF-38393 and D2 receptor agonist LY171555 (quinpirole) in rats treated with either haloperidol (HAL), clozapine or tap water for 1 year was compared using the techniques of single cell recording and microiontophoresis.(More)