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OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine whether identification of the iliolumbar ligaments is of practical use for numbering lumbosacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV). MATERIALS AND METHODS Five hundred consecutive lumbar spine MRI studies were reviewed. A standard protocol of sagittal and axial T1-weighted and T2-weighted spin-echo(More)
Object-based audio is gaining momentum as a means for future audio content to be more immersive, interactive, and accessible. Recent standardization developments make recommendations for object formats; however, the capture, production, and reproduction of reverberation is an open issue. In this paper parametric approaches for capturing, representing,(More)
OBJECTIVE Morton's neuroma is a common cause of forefoot pain. For this study, we assessed the efficacy of a series of sonographically guided alcohol injections into the lesion. SUBJECTS AND METHODS One hundred one consecutive patients with Morton's neuroma were included in this prospective series. An average of 4.1 treatments per person were(More)
Modern optical networking techniques have the potential to greatly extend the applicability of quantum communications by moving beyond simple point-to-point optical links, and by leveraging existing fibre infrastructures. We experimentally demonstrate many of the fundamental capabilities that are required. These include optical-layer multiplexing,(More)
The secure distribution of the secret random bit sequences known as “key” material, is an essential precursor to their use for the encryption and decryption of confidential communications. Quantum cryptography is a new technique for secure key distribution with single-photon transmissions: Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle ensures that an adversary can(More)
Quantum key distribution (QKD) has the potential for widespread real-world applications. To date no secure long-distance experiment has demonstrated the truly practical operation needed to move QKD from the laboratory to the real world due largely to limitations in synchronization and poor detector performance. Here we report results obtained using a fully(More)
The diagnostic value of aspirating blood clots while performing percutaneous biopsy of intramedullary lytic bone lesions was assessed. This was a retrospective analysis of 400 patients with intramedullary lytic bone lesions who underwent image-guided needle biopsy. The nature of the specimens obtained was noted from the histopathology records. In 83 (20.8%)(More)
This study retrospectively reviewed the technical and clinical results of percutaneous transluminal renal artery angioplasty (PTRA) for non-atheromatous renal artery stenosis (RAS) in a Tertiary Renal Referral Centre. Forty-three patients (including 9 children) underwent 49 PTRA procedures for stenoses of 63 arteries over the period 1984–2001 (14 patients(More)