Richard J. Heath

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There are two genes, fabA and fabZ, encoding beta-hydroxyacyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) dehydratases that function in the dissociated, type II fatty acid synthase system of Escherichia coli. We have investigated their roles in fatty acid synthesis by purifying the two proteins and reconstituting cycles of fatty acid synthesis in vitro using five other(More)
In Escherichia coli, the expression of fatty acid metabolic genes is controlled by the transcription factor, FadR. The affinity of FadR for DNA is controlled by long chain acyl-CoA molecules, which bind to the protein and modulate gene expression. The crystal structure of FadR reveals a two domain dimeric molecule where the N-terminal domains bind DNA, and(More)
Sequence analysis of membrane-bound glycerolipid acyltransferases revealed that proteins from the bacterial, plant, and animal kingdoms share a highly conserved domain containing invariant histidine and aspartic acid residues separated by four less conserved residues in an HX4D configuration. We investigated the role of the invariant histidine residue in(More)
beta-Ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) synthase III (the fabH gene product) condenses acetyl-CoA with malonyl-ACP to initiate fatty acid biosynthesis in the dissociated, type II fatty acid synthase systems typified by Escherichia coli. The accumulation of malonyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) following the inhibition of a reconstituted fatty acid synthase(More)
A universal set of genes encodes the components of the dissociated, type II, fatty acid synthase system that is responsible for producing the multitude of fatty acid structures found in bacterial membranes. We examined the biochemical basis for the production of branched-chain fatty acids by gram-positive bacteria. Two genes that were predicted to encode(More)
BACKGROUND beta-Ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase III (FabH) initiates elongation in type II fatty acid synthase systems found in bacteria and plants. FabH is a ubiquitous component of the type II system and is positioned ideally in the pathway to control the production of fatty acids. The elucidation of the structure of FabH is important for the(More)
Long chain acyl-acyl carrier protein (acyl-ACP) has been implicated as a physiological inhibitor of fatty acid biosynthesis since acyl-ACP degradation by thioesterase overexpression leads to constitutive, unregulated fatty acid production. The biochemical targets for acyl-ACP inhibition were unknown, and this work identified two biosynthetic enzymes that(More)
The enoyl-(acyl-carrier protein) (ACP) reductase catalyses the last step in each cycle of fatty acid elongation in the type II fatty acid synthase systems. An extensively characterized NADH-dependent reductase, FabI, is widely distributed in bacteria and plants, whereas the enoyl-ACP reductase, FabK, is a distinctly different member of this enzyme group(More)
The accumulation of the alarmone guanosine-3',5'-bispyrophosphate (ppGpp) in response to amino acid starvation or energy source depletion mediates the coordinate inhibition of macromolecular and membrane phospholipid biosynthesis in Escherichia coli. Accumulation of ppGpp triggered by the induced expression of either the relA gene or an unregulated,(More)