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BACKGROUND Total intracranial volume (TIV) measurement commonly is used to correct for variations in premorbid brain size in imaging studies of cerebral structures in Alzheimer disease (AD). This assumes no intrinsic difference in TIV between patients and control subjects and that TIV measurements are unaffected by cerebral atrophy. However, an autopsy(More)
Levels of S100beta, a calcium-binding protein found in astrocytes, were measured using a sandwich ELISA in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer's disease and compared with controls. Mean CSF S100beta concentrations were significantly raised in patients with frontotemporal dementia when compared with healthy(More)
The amygdala is severely atrophied at post-mortem in frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), and may contribute to the prominent behavioural changes that are early features of FTLD. The aim of this study was to assess amygdala atrophy using MRI in the main syndromic variants of FTLD and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Brain and amygdala volumes, adjusted for(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of tau protein were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay which measures both normal and hyperphosphorylated tau. Levels of CSF tau were measured in 17 patients with Alzheimer's disease and 23 patients with frontotemporal dementia, and were compared to age-matched healthy controls. The CSF tau(More)
Three patients with progressive memory impairment initially attributed to AD underwent serial neuropsychometry, MRI, and EEG. Registered serial MRI volumetric analysis showed no loss of whole or regional brain volume. EEG revealed temporal lobe spike activity and antiepileptic treatment was optimized. Memory functions improved with antiepileptic medication(More)
OBJECT The authors describe the utility of and outcomes after endoscopic transnasal craniotomy and skull reconstruction in the management of skull base pathologies. METHODS The authors conducted a observational study of patients undergoing totally endoscopic, transnasal, transdural surgery. The patients included in the study underwent treatment over a(More)
BACKGROUND Published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the efficacy of intranasal corticosteroid (INCS) in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) use either nasal delivery (nasal drop or nasal spray) or sinus delivery (sinus catheter or sinus irrigation) in patients with or without sinus surgery. This influences topical drug delivery and distribution. The effect(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an inflammatory disorder of the nose and sinuses. Because fungi were postulated as a potential cause of CRS in the late 1990s, contrasting articles have advocated and refuted the use of antifungal agents in its management. Although good research shows an interaction of the immune system with fungus in CRS, e.g.,(More)
Objective To examine the risk of postoperative meningitis following expanded endoscopic endonasal skull base (EESB) surgery. Setting A systematic analysis of publications identified through searches of the electronic databases from Embase (1980-July 17, 2012), Medline (1950-July 17, 2012), and references of review articles. Main Outcome Measures Incidence(More)
Objective To investigate the relevance of an endoscopic transnasal approach to the surgical treatment of paraophthalmic aneurysms. Setting Binasal endoscopic transplanum surgery was performed. Participants Seven cadaver heads were studied. Main Outcome Measures (1) Dimensions of the endonasal corridor, including the operative field depth, lateral limits,(More)