Richard J. Bull

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Members M.W. Anders, Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 711, Rochester, NY 14642, USA Richard J. Bull, Department of Environmental Sciences, Washington State University − Tri cities, 2710 University Drive, Richland, WA 99352-6534, USA Kenneth P. Cantor, Occupational Epidemiology Branch,(More)
Trichloroacetate (TCA) and dichloroacetate (DCA) have been shown to be hepatocarcinogenic in mice when administered in drinking water. However, DCA produces pathological effects in the liver that are much more severe than those observed following TCA treatment in both rats and mice. To identify potential mechanisms involved in the liver pathology, the(More)
Male and female B6C3F1 mice were administered dichloroacetate (DCA) and trichloroacetate (TCA) in their drinking water at concentrations of 1 or 2 g/l for up to 52 weeks. Both compounds induced hepatoproliferative lesions (HPL) in male mice, including hepatocellular nodules, adenomas and hepatocellular carcinomas within 12 months. The induction of HPL by(More)
  • R J Bull
  • Environmental health perspectives
  • 2000
Trichloroethylene (TCE) induces liver cancer in mice but not in rats. Three metabolites of TCE may contribute--chloral hydrate (CH), dichloroacetate (DCA), and trichloroacetate (TCA). CH and TCA appear capable of only inducing liver tumors in mice, but DCA is active in rats as well. The concentrations of TCA in blood required to induce liver cancer approach(More)
Conflicting data have been published related to the formation of dichloroacetate (DCA) from trichloroethylene (TRI), chloral hydrate (CH), or trichloroacetic acid (TCA) in B6C3F1 mice. TCA is usually indicated as the primary metabolic precursor to DCA. Model simulations based on the known pharmacokinetics of TCA and DCA predicted blood concentrations of DCA(More)
Dichloroacetate (DCA) is a rodent carcinogen commonly found in municipal drinking water supplies. Toxicokinetic studies have established that elimination of DCA is controlled by liver metabolism, which occurs by the cytosolic enzyme glutathione-S-transferase-zeta (GST-zeta). DCA is also a mechanism based inhibitor of GST-zeta, and a loss in GST-zeta enzyme(More)
The carcinogenic activity of chloroform administered at 0, 200, 400, 900, and 1800 mg/liter in drinking water was studied in male Osborne-Mendel rats and female B6C3F1 mice. A second control group was included in the study and was restricted to the water consumption of the high-dose group. Animals were maintained on study for 104 weeks. Group sizes were(More)
Doses of acrylamide ranging from 12.5 to 50 mg/kg were administered orally to female ICR-Swiss mice over 3 days for each of 2 weeks (total doses of 75, 150 and 300 mg/kg). Two weeks later some of the animals were started on a promotion schedule involving the application of 2.5 micrograms TPA/mouse 3 times weekly. Development of tumors was observed weekly in(More)
Chloro, bromo, and mixed bromochloro haloacetates (HAs) are by-products of drinking water disinfection and are hepatocarcinogenic in rodents. We compared the toxicokinetics of a series of di-HAs, dichloro (DCA), bromochloro (BCA), dibromo (DBA) and tri-HAs: trichloro (TCA), bromodichloro (BDCA), chlorodibromo (CDBA), and tribromo (TBA) after iv and oral(More)
The ability of trichloroethylene (TCE) and selected metabolites to induce single-strand breaks in hepatic DNA of male B6C3F1 mice and Sprague-Dawley rats in vivo was evaluated using an alkaline unwinding assay. Doses of TCE of 22-30 mmol/kg were required to produce strand breaks in DNA in rats, whereas a dose of 11.4 mmol/kg was sufficient to increase the(More)