Richard J Beedham

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Passive transfer of lymphocytes and sera from mice immunised using two different formulations containing recombinant protective antigen (rPA) have been used to further elucidate the mechanism of protection against Bacillus anthracis infection. The results demonstrated that an antibody response maybe important in protection against B. anthracis infection,(More)
Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis, which is considered a potential deliberate release agent. The objective of this study was to establish and characterise a relevant, acute respiratory Burkholderia pseudomallei infection in BALB/c mice. Mice were infected with 100 B. pseudomallei strain BRI bacteria by the aerosol route(More)
Existing licensed anthrax vaccines are administered parenterally and require multiple doses to induce protective immunity. This requires trained personnel and is not the optimum route for stimulating a mucosal immune response. Microencapsulation of vaccine antigens offers a number of advantages over traditional vaccine formulations, including stability(More)
The object of this study was to develop and characterize experimental Burkholderia mallei aerosol infection in BALB/c mice. Sixty-five mice were infected with 5000 [approx. 2.5 median lethal doses (MLD)] B. mallei strain ATCC 23344(T) bacteria by the aerosol route. Bacterial counts within lung, liver, spleen, brain, kidney and blood over 14 days were(More)
The efficacies of ciprofloxacin and doxycycline prophylaxis and therapy were assessed against experimental pneumonic plague infections induced by two strains of Yersinia pestis in a mouse model. When exposed to an aerosol of Y. pestis strain GB, containing 8.39 x 10(5) +/- 4.17 x 10(4) cfu, the retained dose was 7.3 x 10(3) +/- 2.3 x 10(3) cfu. When exposed(More)
Protective antigen (PA), the major protective component of the existing vaccine, is a potent immunogen. Protective antigen in alhydrogel induced a high serum IgG titre (> log10 4) in both the C57B16 and Balb/c mouse and the predominant subclass of antibody induced was IgG1, indicating that the response to PA was predominantly Th2 directed. When plasmid DNA(More)
The efficacies of prophylactic and therapeutic gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin were assessed in a BALB/c mouse model of systemic and pneumonic plague and compared with ciprofloxacin. Mice were given 100 mg/kg of the antibiotic by oral administration twice daily for 7 days starting 1h prior to infection or following infection. All antibiotics offered full(More)
The protective antigen (PA) of Bacillus anthracis and the V antigen of Yersinia pestis are potent immunogens and candidate vaccine sub-units. When plasmid DNA encoding either PA or V antigen was used to immunise the Balb/c mouse, a low serum IgG titre was detected (log (10)1.0 or less) which was slightly increased by boosting with plasmid DNA. However, when(More)
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