Learn More
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are RNA molecules that are involved in the regulation of many cellular processes, including those related to human cancers. The aim of this study was to determine, as a proof of principle, whether specific candidate miRNAs could be detected in fine-needle aspirate (FNA) biopsies of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of preoperatively identified multifocal and multicentric breast cancer is rising with improved sensitivity of imaging modalities. Based on retrospective, historic data, breast conservation in women with multiple tumors has been discouraged because of high rates of local regional recurrence (LRR). These studies, however, do not(More)
Since the discovery of small non-coding RNAs, the analysis of microRNA (miRNA) expression patterns in human cancer have provided new insights into cancer biology. Evidence suggests that deregulated miRNA expression is associated with pancreatic cancer development. In this study, we analyzed the expression of several miRNAs in different types of pancreatic(More)
HYPOTHESIS Interval reevaluation for resectability of hepatic colorectal metastases aids patient selection. DESIGN A retrospective review. SETTING A tertiary care medical center. PATIENTS AND METHODS From January 1, 1985, to July 1, 1998, 318 patients with colorectal hepatic metastases were identified. Resectable lesions (N = 73) were divided into(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to measure the degree to which informed women chose mastectomy, and to reveal their reasons for this choice. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a prospective cohort study of patients radiographically and pathologically eligible for either mastectomy or breast-conserving surgery (BCS; n = 125). Participants completed(More)
We have investigated the mechanisms whereby adoptively transferred murine CD8+ lymphocytes mediate tumor regressions. Noncytolytic, CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) eradicated established lung tumors in irradiated mice. Many cytolytic and noncytolytic CD8+ TIL cultures specifically secreted interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) and tumor necrosis factor(More)
Toll-like receptors are important in the activation of innate immunity, and CD40 is a molecule critical for many T and B cell responses. Whereas agonists for either pathway have been used as vaccine adjuvants, we show that a combination of Toll-like receptor (TLR)7 and CD40 agonists synergize to stimulate CD8+ T cell responses 10-20-fold greater than the(More)
OBJECTIVES The presence of a pancreatic cyst often prompts concern, although the rate of malignant transformation to mucin-producing adenocarcinoma is not known. We aimed to determine the prevalence rate of mucin-producing adenocarcinoma in US adults with pancreatic cysts. METHODS This retrospective, population-based cross-sectional study calculated the(More)
We developed a technique for direct inguinal lymph node injection in mice to compare various routes of immunization with tumor lysate-pulsed dendritic cell (DC) vaccines. Syngeneic, bone marrow-derived, tumor lysate-pulsed DCs administered intranodally generated more potent protective antitumor immunity than s.c. or i.v. DC immunizations. Intranodal(More)
We prospectively sampled 38 large soft tissue masses in 37 patients with both core needle biopsy (CNBX) and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) to determine the diagnostic utility of these biopsy methods. In 27 cases the histologic diagnosis made from the resected specimen was compared with the diagnosis based on the biopsy. CNBX correctly identified 16 of 16(More)