Learn More
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are RNA molecules that are involved in the regulation of many cellular processes, including those related to human cancers. The aim of this study was to determine, as a proof of principle, whether specific candidate miRNAs could be detected in fine-needle aspirate (FNA) biopsies of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and(More)
Toll-like receptors are important in the activation of innate immunity, and CD40 is a molecule critical for many T and B cell responses. Whereas agonists for either pathway have been used as vaccine adjuvants, we show that a combination of Toll-like receptor (TLR)7 and CD40 agonists synergize to stimulate CD8+ T cell responses 10-20-fold greater than the(More)
BACKGROUND Retrospective analyses have shown that long-term recurrence rates after Lichtenstein mesh and Shouldice herniorrhaphies are low. Therefore differences in short-term outcome may be important determinants of one's choice of repair. Although proponents of the mesh repair claim that their methods is less morbid, to our knowledge no prospective(More)
BACKGROUND It is unknown whether neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, compared with adjuvant chemoradiotherapy, decreases the rate of local recurrence after resection of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. STUDY DESIGN This is a retrospective case review of 102 patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma who underwent pancreatic resection between 1993 and 2005. RESULTS Of(More)
PURPOSE To determine the maximum tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxicity associated with twice-weekly gemcitabine and concomitant external-beam radiotherapy in patients with adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. METHODS AND MATERIALS Twenty-one patients with biopsy-proven adenocarcinoma of the pancreas were treated with external-beam radiotherapy to a dose of(More)
MDX-210 is a bispecific antibody (BsAb) that recognizes Fc gamma R1 on monocytes and macrophages and the cell surface product of the HER-2/neu oncogene, which is overexpressed on some breast and ovarian cancers. Clinical trials have demonstrated that treatment with MDX-210 is well tolerated and that MDX-210 is both immunologically and clinically active.(More)
Stimulation of multiple CD8+ murine tumor infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) lines and one TIL clone with the tumor of origin of the TIL induced at least three-fold more secretion of TNF and/or INF-gamma than was elicited by other syngeneic, methylcholanthrene (MCA) induced sarcomas. TIL which specifically secreted lymphokines were generated from three different(More)
The incidence of preoperatively identified multifocal and multicentric breast cancer is rising with improved sensitivity of imaging modalities. Based on retrospective, historic data, breast conservation in women with multiple tumors has been discouraged because of high rates of local regional recurrence (LRR). These studies, however, do not extrapolate to(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the clinical and immunologic outcomes of DC (dendritic cell) vaccine with interleukin (IL)-2 and IFN-alpha 2a in metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Eighteen consented and eligible patients were treated. Peripheral blood monocytes were cultured ex vivo into mature DCs and loaded with autologous tumor lysate.(More)
We prospectively sampled 38 large soft tissue masses in 37 patients with both core needle biopsy (CNBX) and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) to determine the diagnostic utility of these biopsy methods. In 27 cases the histologic diagnosis made from the resected specimen was compared with the diagnosis based on the biopsy. CNBX correctly identified 16 of 16(More)