Learn More
In Rana catesbeiana the upper airways are used for two distinct yet highly coordinated ventilatory behaviours: buccal ventilation and lung inflation cycles. How these behaviours are generated and coordinated is unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify putative rhythmogenic brainstem loci involved in these ventilatory behaviours. We surveyed the(More)
The honeybee time sense, or Zeitgedächtnis, is highly adaptive, allowing bees to synchronize their foraging behavior with the peak time of daily floral nectar rhythms. Each foraging group within the honeybee colony shows a high degree of fidelity to one species of flower. Across the day, the temporal accuracy of foraging visits to experimental feeding times(More)
Though the mechanics of breathing differ fundamentally between amniotes and "lower" vertebrates, homologous rhythm generators may drive air breathing in all lunged vertebrates. In both frogs and rats, two coupled oscillators, one active during the inspiratory (I) phase and the other active during the preinspiratory (PreI) phase, have been hypothesized to(More)
As an initial step in constructing a quantitative biomechanical model of the medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis), we determined the passive properties of its body wall over the physiological range of dimensions. The major results of this study were: 1. The ellipsoidal cross section of resting leeches is maintained by tonic muscle activation as well as(More)
The neonatal mouse en bloc spinal cord-brainstem preparation used in combination with advances in mouse genomics provides a novel strategy for studying the spinal control of locomotion. How well the mouse en bloc preparation is oxygenated however, is unknown. This is an important consideration given that (a) other superfused mammalian en bloc preparations(More)
Interaction between central (brainstem) and peripheral (carotid body) respiratory chemosensitivity is vital to protect blood gases against potentially deleterious fluctuations, especially during sleep. Previously, using an in situ arterially perfused, vagotomized, decerebrate preparation in which brainstem and peripheral chemoreceptors are perfused(More)
iii Abstract In early 2010, the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) science collaboration initiated a study to investigate the physics potential of the experiment with a broad set of different beam, near-and far-detector configurations. Nine initial topics were identified as scientific areas that motivate construction of a long-baseline neutrino(More)
RATIONALE Prenatal cigarette smoke (CS) exposure, increased environmental temperature, and hypoxic episodes have been postulated as major risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome. OBJECTIVES To test the hypothesis that maternal CS exposure disrupts eupneic breathing and depresses breathing responses of neonatal rats to thermal and hypoxic challenges.(More)
Consistent with a critical role in respiratory and autonomic stress responses, the carotid bodies are strongly excited by pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP), a neuropeptide implicated in stress responses throughout the sympathetic nervous system. PACAP excites isolated carotid body glomus cells via activation of PAC1 receptors, with(More)