Richard Illman

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Twelve young male pigs consumed a purified diet containing wheat bran as fiber source. Starch provided 50% of total daily energy either as a low amylose cornstarch or as a high amylose (amylomaize) starch. The pigs were given a supplement of a freeze-dried probiotic organism (Bifidobacterium longum CSCC 1941). A block crossover design was used so that at(More)
1. The hypothesis that soya-bean saponins, by binding bile salts in the gastrointestinal lumen, are responsible for some of the plasma-cholesterol-lowering effect of soya-bean preparations, was tested. In a double-blind crossover study 50 g soya-bean flour/d, containing either 22 or 4 g saponins/kg (adjusted by ethanol extraction) was incorporated in(More)
Male pigs were fed a low fiber beef diet (control) or that diet with additional fiber either as wheat bran, oat bran or baked beans. Total large bowel digesta and volatile fatty acid (VFA) pools were highest in pigs fed the diet with baked beans, intermediate in those fed the diets with oat bran and wheat bran and lowest in those fed the control diet. In(More)
Maize starch was acylated with acetic, propionic or butyric anhydride to produce the corresponding acylated starch. In the first experiment, butyrylated starch at a degree of substitution (DS) of 0.25 (i.e., 1 acyl unit per 4 glucosyl units) was fed to rats for 3 d. Cecal and distal colonic SCFA concentrations were 170 and 78% higher, respectively, in rats(More)
Young male pigs consumed a diet of fatty minced beef, safflower oil, skim milk powder, sucrose, cornstarch and wheat bran. Starch provided 50% of total daily energy either as low amylose cornstarch, high amylose (amylomaize) cornstarch or as a 50/50 mixture of corn and high amylose starch. Neither feed intake nor body weight gain as affected by dietary(More)
To elucidate the mechanisms underlying the plasma triacylglycerol-lowering effects of certain fish oils, livers from male rats fed either a standard commercial diet (controls) or diets supplemented with 15% (w/w) fish or safflower oils were perfused with undiluted rat blood. Rates of hepatic lipogenesis, measured by the incorporation of 3H2O into fatty(More)
Plasma cholesterol concentrations were significantly lower in rats fed a cholesterol-free diet containing white wheat flour than those fed the diet with whole wheat or wheat bran. Concentrations of total bile acids and neutral sterols in cecal digesta were significantly higher in rats fed wheat flour than in those fed whole wheat, wheat pollard or wheat(More)
Adult male rats were maintained for 10 days on a standard chow diet or that diet supplemented with either safflower or marine fish oils, and then rendered diabetic with streptozotocin (40 mg/kg of body weight) and circulating metabolites determined over the next 3 days. Pre-diabetic concentrations of glucose and insulin did not differ between groups, and(More)
Adult male pigs were fed on a diet containing (% of energy) fat 25 starch 55 from white rice and providing 20 g fibre/pig d (diet WR). In two other groups rice bran was added to the diet to provide 43 g fibre/d. One group received the diet unmodified (diet RB), but in another (diet RO) heat-stabilized unrefined rice oil replaced the palm oil. In a further(More)