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In this paper we present X-MAC, a low power MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Standard MAC protocols developed for duty-cycled WSNs such as BMAC, which is the default MAC protocol for TinyOS, employ an extended preamble and preamble sampling. While this "low power listening" approach is simple, asynchronous, and energy-efficient, the long(More)
The MANTIS MultimodAl system for NeTworks of In-situ wireless Sensors provides a new multithreaded cross-platform embedded operating system for wireless sensor networks. As sensor networks accommodate increasingly complex tasks such as compression, aggregation and signal processing, preemptive multithreading in the MANTIS sensor OS (MOS) enables micro(More)
Wireless sensor networks are highly vulnerable to the failure of base stations. An adversary can render a wireless sensor network useless by launching remote, softwarebased attacks or physical attacks on the base stations. This paper addresses the problem of defending a base station against physical attacks by concealing the geographic location of a base(More)
An efficient and reliable file storage system is important to micro sensor nodes so that data can be logged for later asynchronous delivery across a multi-hop wireless sensor network. Designing and implementing such a file system for a sensor node faces various challenges. Sensor nodes are highly resource constrained in terms of limited runtime memory,(More)
This paper describes an INtrusion-tolerant routing protocol for wireless SEnsor NetworkS (INSENS). INSENS securely and efficiently constructs tree-structured routing for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). The key objective of an INSENS network is to tolerate damage caused by an intruder who has compromised deployed sensor nodes and is intent on injecting,(More)
Time synchronization in a wireless sensor network is critical for accurate timestamping of events and fine-tuned coordination of wake/sleep duty cycles to reduce power consumption. This paper proposes TSync, a novel lightweight bidirectional time synchronization service for wireless sensor networks. TSync's bidirectional service offers both a push mechanism(More)
Remote reprogramming of in situ wireless sensor networks (WSNs) via the wireless link is an important capability. Securing the process of reprogramming allows each sensor node to authenticate each received code image. Due to the resource constraints of WSNs, public key schemes must be used sparingly. This paper introduces a mechanism for secure and(More)
Wireless sensor networks face acute security concerns in applications such as battlefield monitoring. A central point of failure in a sensor network is the base station, which acts as a collection point of sensor data. In this paper, we investigate two attacks that can lead to isolation or failure of the base station. In one set of attacks, the base station(More)