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In patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), the associated pathology follows a characteristic pattern involving inter alia the enteric nervous system (ENS), the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV), the intermediolateral nucleus of the spinal cord and the substantia nigra, providing the basis for the neuropathological staging of the disease. Here we(More)
Recently, we have developed collagen crosslinking induced by combined riboflavin/UVA treatment, thus increasing the biomechanical rigidity of the cornea to treat progressive keratoconus. The present safety study was performed to evaluate possible cytotoxic effects of combined riboflavin/UVA treatment on the corneal endothelium in vitro. Endothelial cell(More)
The adrenal cortex is a major stress organ in mammals that reacts rapidly to a multitude of external and internal stressors. Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) is the main stimulator of the adrenal cortex, activating corticosteroid synthesis and secretion. We evaluated the mechanism of action of ACTH on adrenals of male rats, preserving the architecture of the(More)
BACKGROUND The innervation of skeletal tissues by sensory nerves is poorly understood - especially of nerve fibres which reach into the bony and cartilaginous tissue. METHODS Samples of rat cartilaginous tissues from different locations (knee joint, vertebral column, temporomandibular joint) were fixed by perfusion and decalcified. The distribution of(More)
Intraocular pressure (IOP) and arterial blood pressure (BP) were recorded manometrically in normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (NR) and stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). IOP was significantly lower in SHR (7.8 +/- 0.2 mm Hg) compared to NR (15.9 +/- 0.4 mm Hg). In NR, administration of vasoactive substances (kallikrein, bradykinin, angiotensin(More)
Pathological studies on Parkinson's disease (PD) patients suggest that PD pathology progresses from the enteric nervous system (ENS) and the olfactory bulb into the central nervous system. We have previously shown that environmental toxins acting locally on the ENS mimic this PD-like pathology progression pattern in mice. Here, we show for the first time(More)
We observed the retinal capillary pericytes of the rat in situ. Whole retinae were mounted, immediately post vivo, in a special tissue chamber for electronic light microscopy at high magnifications. Under electronic light microscopy the pericytes could be clearly distinguished from the endothelial cells. In addition, the contractile apparatus of the(More)
An overview of the functional anatomy of the retinal microcirculatory system and its regulation mechanisms is presented. The retinal microvasculature is characterized by thin capillaries which leave large vessel-free spaces compared to other microvascular beds. Despite high blood flow velocities, the blood flow volume within the capillaries is relatively(More)
BACKGROUND The autonomic innervation of the joint is involved in different functions, such as sensory inputs, modulation of the function of immune cells, and trophic actions. To have a basis for further studies of the arthritic knee joint we have investigated the topographical distribution of different neuropeptides in knees of newborn and adult rats and in(More)
BACKGROUND Tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) may offer a very specific and effective way of intercellular communication. Here we investigated TNTs in the human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell line ARPE-19. Morphology of TNTs was examined by immunostaining and scanning electron microscopy. To determine the function of TNTs between cells, we studied the(More)