Richard H. Myers

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Metformin is a widely used drug for treatment of type 2 diabetes with no defined cellular mechanism of action. Its glucose-lowering effect results from decreased hepatic glucose production and increased glucose utilization. Metformin's beneficial effects on circulating lipids have been linked to reduced fatty liver. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine more closely the association between apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype and Alzheimer disease (AD) by age and sex in populations of various ethnic and racial denominations. DATA SOURCES Forty research teams contributed data on APOE genotype, sex, age at disease onset, and ethnic background for 5930 patients who met criteria for probable(More)
In postmortem brain specimens from 163 clinically diagnosed cases of Huntington's disease (HD) the striatum exhibited marked variation in the severity of neuropathological involvement. A system for grading this severity was established by macroscopic and microscopic criteria, resulting in five grades (0-4) designated in ascending order of severity. The(More)
Five genes have been identified that contribute to Mendelian forms of Parkinson disease (PD); however, mutations have been found in fewer than 5% of patients, suggesting that additional genes contribute to disease risk. Unlike previous studies that focused primarily on sporadic PD, we have performed the first genomewide association study (GWAS) in familial(More)
We conducted a meta-analysis of Parkinson's disease genome-wide association studies using a common set of 7,893,274 variants across 13,708 cases and 95,282 controls. Twenty-six loci were identified as having genome-wide significant association; these and 6 additional previously reported loci were then tested in an independent set of 5,353 cases and 5,551(More)
The Huntington's disease (HD) gene has been mapped in 4p16.3 but has eluded identification. We have used haplotype analysis of linkage disequilibrium to spotlight a small segment of 4p16.3 as the likely location of the defect. A new gene, IT15, isolated using cloned trapped exons from the target area contains a polymorphic trinucleotide repeat that is(More)
To identify those factors associated with cerebral hemorrhage among brains with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), we undertook a comparative postmortem histopathological study of amyloid-containing vessels in the brains of patients with and without hemorrhage. Those without hemorrhage were represented by the following two groups: (1) elderly patients from(More)
Hypertension is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Efforts to identify hypertension genes have focused on 3 approaches: mendelian disorders, candidate genes, and genome-wide scans. Thus far, these efforts have not identified genes that contribute substantively to overall blood pressure (BP) variation in the community. A 10-centiMorgan (cM) density(More)
We compared the number of CAG repeats, the age at death, and the severity of neuropathology in 89 Huntington's disease brains. We found a linear correlation between the CAG repeat number and the quotient of the degree of atrophy in the striatum (the brain region most severely affected in Huntington's disease) divided by age at death, with an intercept at(More)
Healthy aging is thought to reflect the combined influence of environmental factors (lifestyle choices) and genetic factors. To explore the genetic contribution, we undertook a genome-wide association study of exceptional longevity (EL) in 1055 centenarians and 1267 controls. Using these data, we built a genetic model that includes 150 single-nucleotide(More)