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Congenital chloride diarrhea (CLD) is a recessively inherited disorder characterized by massive loss of chloride in stool. We previously identified mutations in the downregulated in adenoma (DRA) gene in patients with CLD and demonstrated that DRA encodes an intestine-specific sulfate transporter. To determine whether DRA is an intestinal chloride(More)
In previous hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment studies, Black patients not only had a lower sustained viral response (SVR) rate to interferon and ribavirin (RBV) than non-Black patients but also a higher frequency of HCV genotype 1 (GT-1) infection. The aim of this community-based study was to determine whether Black patients have a lower SVR rate(More)
A gene has been described, Down Regulated in Adenoma (dra), which is expressed in normal colon but is absent in the majority of colon adenomas and adenocarcinomas. However, the function of this protein is unknown. Because of sequence similarity to a recently cloned membrane sulfate transporter in rat liver, the transport function of Dra was examined. We(More)
Hepatic thiamine transport is thought to be a saturable, Na(+)- and energy-dependent process. However, the transport of this organic cation has not been examined in experimental models that allow direct characterization of carrier-mediated processes. Recently, a sinusoidal organic cation/H+ antiport was identified, using N1-methylnicotinamide as a marker.(More)
Intrahepatic cholestasis in the setting of extrahepatic bacterial infection has been attributed to the effects of endotoxin and cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on bile acid transport. To define the mechanism of sepsis-associated cholestasis, taurocholate transport was examined in basolateral (bLPM) and canalicular (cLPM) rat liver(More)
BACKGROUND Many veterans may not be candidates for hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment due to contraindications to therapy. The aims of this study were to determine the proportion of HCV-infected veterans who were eligible for interferon alfa and ribavirin therapy and to evaluate barriers to HCV treatment. METHODS We prospectively enrolled 4,084 veterans(More)
In selectively isolated basolateral (bILPM) and canalicular (cLPM) rat liver plasma membrane vesicles, the in vitro effect of cyclosporine A (CsA) on specific hepatic membrane transport processes was examined. CsA (0.1-200 microM) caused a concentration-dependent inhibition of initial rates of Na(+)-dependent taurocholate uptake in bILPM and cLPM vesicles(More)
Diets high in trans fats are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and components of the metabolic syndrome. The influence of these toxic fatty acids on the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease has not been significantly examined. Therefore, we sought to compare the effect of a murine diet high in trans fat to a standard(More)
Hepatic organic cation transport has been characterized in rat liver plasma membrane vesicles, using the quaternary amine tetraethylammonium (TEA) as a model substrate. Sinusoidal TEA uptake is stimulated by an inside-negative membrane potential; TEA transport across the canalicular membrane is mediated by electroneutral organic cation-H+ exchange.(More)
The thiazolidinedione derivatives, troglitazone, rosiglitazone, and pioglitazone, are novel insulin-sensitizing drugs that are useful in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, hepatotoxicity associated with troglitazone led to its withdrawal from the market in March 2000. In view of case reports of hepatotoxicity from rosiglitazone and pioglitazone, it(More)