Richard H. Kennedy

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BACKGROUND This review aims to present a consensus for optimal perioperative care in colonic surgery and to provide graded recommendations for items for an evidenced-based enhanced perioperative protocol. METHODS Studies were selected with particular attention paid to meta-analyses, randomised controlled trials and large prospective cohorts. For each item(More)
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to show that basic fibroblast growth factor (FGFb) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor messenger ribonucleic acids (RNA) are produced in human lacrimal tissue. Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF beta-1) messenger RNA was not detected. These results and the previous identification of EGF in the lacrimal(More)
UNLABELLED Propofol (iv) depresses cardiovascular function in both humans and animals. However, the mechanism underlying this action has not been well described. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that this effect of propofol results in part from an antagonism of adrenergic control of the heart. Experiments examined effects of propofol(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia (Hhe), linked to cardiovascular disease by epidemiological studies, may be an important factor in adverse cardiac remodeling in hypertension. Specifically, convergence of myocardial and vascular alterations promoted by Hhe and hypertension may exacerbate cardiac remodeling and myocardial dysfunction. We studied male spontaneously(More)
The Chicago Area Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Network (CAPriCORN) represents an unprecedented collaboration across diverse healthcare institutions including private, county, and state hospitals and health systems, a consortium of Federally Qualified Health Centers, and two Department of Veterans Affairs hospitals. CAPriCORN builds on the strengths of(More)
The effect of aging on cardiac membrane currents remains unclear. This study examined the inward rectifier K(+) current (I(K1)), the transient outward K(+) current (I(to)), and the L-type Ca(2+) channel current (I(Ca,L)) in ventricular myocytes isolated from young adult (6 mo) and aged (>27 mo) Fischer 344 rats using whole cell patch-clamp techniques. Along(More)
Radiation-induced heart disease (RIHD), characterized by accelerated atherosclerosis and adverse tissue remodeling, is a serious sequelae after radiotherapy of thoracic and chest wall tumors. Adverse cardiac remodeling in RIHD and other cardiac disorders is frequently accompanied by mast cell hyperplasia, suggesting that mast cells may affect the(More)
Cardiovascular and lethal effects of intravenous cocaine infusion were compared in guinea-pigs pretreated chronically with morphine or saline. Alzet minipumps filled with either morphine solution (30 micrograms/kg/hr for 6 days) or isotonic saline were implanted subcutaneously in animals 6 days before cocaine infusion. On the morning of the 7th day, animals(More)
A number of advancements have been made toward identifying the risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and have resulted in a decline in mortality. However, many patients with cardiac disease show no established previous risk. Thus, it appears that other unknown factors contribute to the pathophysiology of CVD. Out of 350,000 sudden(More)