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BACKGROUND Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA, Morquio A syndrome) is an inherited lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase (GALNS), an enzyme required for stepwise degradation of keratan sulfate (KS). We have developed a selective, sensitive, accurate and precise LC-MS/MS assay for the KS-derived disaccharides(More)
Polysaccharide extracts from four New Zealand members of the Gracilariaceae have been characterized by 13C-NMR spectroscopy and GLC analysis of alditol acetate derivatives prepared using a new double hydrolysis-reduction procedure. All were based on variously substituted repeating disaccharide units of agarobiose and ≤ 20% of its ‘precursor’ containing(More)
The immune stimulating ability of mannosylated liposomes containing FITC-ovalbumin as a model antigen and displaying either a branched tri-mannose or a mono-mannose ligand on the liposome surface was investigated in human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MoDCs) and murine bone-marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs). Uptake of liposomes, dendritic cell(More)
Plasmodium falciparum is responsible for the majority of life-threatening cases of malaria. Plasmodia species cannot synthesize purines de novo, whereas mammalian cells obtain purines from de novo synthesis or by purine salvage. Hypoxanthine is proposed to be the major source of purines for P. falciparum growth. It is produced from inosine phosphorolysis by(More)
Plasmodium falciparum is unable to synthesize purine bases and relies upon purine salvage and purine recycling to meet its purine needs. We report that purines formed as products of polyamine synthesis are recycled in a novel pathway in which 5'-methylthioinosine is generated by adenosine deaminase. The action of P. falciparum purine nucleoside(More)
The structure of human HGPRT bound to the transition-state analog immucillinGP and Mg2+-pyrophosphate has been determined to 2.0 A resolution. ImmucillinGP was designed as a stable analog with the stereoelectronic features of the transition state. Bound inhibitor at the catalytic site indicates that the oxocarbenium ion of the transition state is stabilized(More)
Immucillins are logically designed transition-state analogue inhibitors of mammalian purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) that induce purine-less death of Plasmodium falciparum in cultured erythrocytes (Kicska, G. A., Tyler, P. C., Evans, G. B., Furneaux, R. H., Schramm, V. L., and Kim, K. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 3226-3231). PNP is present at high(More)
The structure of the polysaccharide isolated from tetrasporophytic plants of the New Zealand red alga Gigartina decipiens has been determined by chemical and spectroscopic techniques. It is a linear polymer composed primarily of alternating 3-linked beta-D-galactopyranosyl 2-sulphate and 4-linked alpha-D-galactopyranosyl 2,6-disulphate residues. About 15%(More)
The polysaccharide recovered after extraction of Champia novae-zealandiae is a galactan with alternating 3-linked d-galactopyranosyl units sulfated at the 2-position, and 4-linked galactopyranosyl units sulfated at both the 2- and 3-positions that are predominantly of the l- and partly of the d-configuration. Other minor substitution includes 6-O-methyl(More)
A polysaccharide rich in 4',6'-O-(1-carboxyethylidene)-substituted (i.e., pyruvylated) beta-carrageenan has been prepared by solvolytic desulfation of a polysaccharide containing predominantly pyruvylated alpha-carrageenan, which was extracted from the red seaweed, Callophycus tridentifer. The 13C and 1H NMR chemical shifts of pyruvylated beta-carrageenan(More)