Richard H. Butler

Learn More
The laboratory mouse is the premier animal model for studying human disease and thousands of mutants have been identified or produced, most recently through gene-specific mutagenesis approaches. High throughput strategies by the International Knockout Mouse Consortium (IKMC) are producing mutants for all protein coding genes. Generating a knock-out line(More)
MHC class I ligands are recruited from the cytosolic peptide pool, whose size is likely to depend on the balance between peptide generation by the proteasome and peptide degradation by downstream peptidases. We asked what fraction of this pool is available for presentation, and how the size of this fraction is modulated by peptide affinity for the TAP(More)
BACKGROUND Susceptibility to beryllium (Be)-hypersensitivity (BH) has been associated with HLA-DP alleles carrying a glutamate at position 69 of the HLA-DP beta-chain (HLA-DPGlu69) and with several HLA-DP, -DQ and -DR alleles and polymorphisms. However, no genetic associations have been found between BH affected subjects not carrying the HLA-DPGlu69(More)
Genetic variation in the human serotonin system has long been studied because of its functional consequences and links to various neuropsychiatric and behavior-related disorders. Among non-human primates, the common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) and tufted capuchins monkeys (Cebus apella) are becoming increasingly used as models to study the effects of(More)
Spleen leukocytes from rats and mice immunized against mouse 2.5S nerve growth factor (NGF) and peripheral blood leukocytes from rabbits hyper-immunized against the same antigen were fused with the mouse plasmacytoma P3X63Ag8. Hybridomas were screened by immunological assays (micro-complement fixation test and solid phase radioimmunoassay) for production of(More)
  • 1