Richard H. Butler

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Poor assembly of class I major histocompatibility HLA-C heavy chains results in their intracellular accumulation in two forms: free of and associated with their light chain subunit (beta(2)-microglobulin). Both intermediates are retained in the endoplasmic reticulum by promiscuous and HLA-dedicated chaperones and are poorly associated with peptide antigens.(More)
The information available on the specific function of HLA-DP and the structure-function relationships is very limited. Here, single amino acid substitutions of HLA-DPB1*02012 have been used to analyze the role of polymorphic residues of the DPbeta1 domain on DP-mediated T cell allorecognition and peptide binding. Using a panel of specific anti-HLA-DP mAb,(More)
Eight nonamer peptides that comply with the major anchor residue motifs (the combination of amino acid residues at positions 2 and 9), R-K and R-R, of HLA-B27 (B*2705)-binding peptides were synthesized and tested for their direct binding to HLA class I alpha chains by the HLA class I alpha chain refolding assay previously described. One was a known B27(More)
Seven A2-binding peptides were tested by the HLA class I alpha-chain refolding assay previously described for their direct binding to HLA class I alpha chains derived from a panel of 18 HLA-homozygous B-cell lines of various HLA specificities, including four A2 subtypes: A*0201, A*0204, A*0205, and A*0206. All but one test peptide possessed the major anchor(More)
The polymorphism at position beta69 of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DP molecule has been associated with susceptibility to several immune disorders and alloreactivity. Using molecular modeling, we have predicted a detailed structure of the HLA-DP2 molecule (carrying Glubeta69) complexed with class II associated invariant chain derived peptide (CLIP)(More)
The binding characteristics of the primary anchor residue motifs reported for HLA-A2 (A*0201, A*0205) and HLA-B27 (B*2705) alleles were investigated by a direct binding assay of the pertinent synthetic peptides to HLA class I alpha chains derived from a panel of HLA homozygous B-cell lines of various HLA phenotypes, including four A2 subtypes. The assay is(More)
The laboratory mouse is the premier animal model for studying human disease and thousands of mutants have been identified or produced, most recently through gene-specific mutagenesis approaches. High throughput strategies by the International Knockout Mouse Consortium (IKMC) are producing mutants for all protein coding genes. Generating a knock-out line(More)
DNA topoisomerase I (Top1p) relaxes supercoiled DNA by the formation of a covalent intermediate in which the active site tyrosine is transiently bound to the severed DNA strand. The antineoplastic agent camptothecin (Cpt) specifically targets Top1p and several mutations have been isolated that render the enzyme Cpt resistant. The mutated residues, although(More)
BACKGROUND Susceptibility to beryllium (Be)-hypersensitivity (BH) has been associated with HLA-DP alleles carrying a glutamate at position 69 of the HLA-DP beta-chain (HLA-DPGlu69) and with several HLA-DP, -DQ and -DR alleles and polymorphisms. However, no genetic associations have been found between BH affected subjects not carrying the HLA-DPGlu69(More)
Unfolded HLA class I alpha chains were isolated from B-cell lysates by alkaline denaturation and subsequent gel filtration and used for the detection of HLA class-I-peptide binding. Binding to specific peptides in the presence of excess beta 2-microglobulin induced the unfolded alpha chains to refold and acquire a conformation that is specific to folded(More)