Richard H. Bauer

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Single unit activity was recorded extracellularly from ventral prefrontal cortex (VPC) of monkeys during performance of two short-term memory tasks: spatial delayed response and delayed matching to sample. The tasks required perception, retention and recognition of visual cues differing in either color or spatial location. Two separate areas of VPC were(More)
Monkeys were trained to perform a visual short-term memory task (delayed matching to sample). In some of the animals, cooling probes were implanted over dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, covering sulcus principalis and adjacent areas; microelectrode pedestals were implanted over inferotemporal cortex. Other animals were fitted with converse implants: cooling(More)
The hypothesis that the functional integrity of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is important for short-term memory of both spatial and nonspatial information was examined. Monkeys were tested in delayed matching-to-sample (DMS) and delayed-response (DR) tasks with delays of 0-32 sec. Testing was carried out under three different conditions: frontal(More)
The interaction was examined between d-amphetamine (s-A) and dysfunction induced by localized cooling of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Saline or d-A(0.1,0.2 or 0.4 mg/kg) was administered to monkeys in two conditions; normal cortical temperature (no cooling -NC) and frontal cooling (FC). Errors, reaction time (RT), eye movements, and motor activity(More)
In Experiment I, 17-, 21-, 36-, 51-, 90-, and 200-day-old male and female rats were given a single session of 100 two-way avoidance (TWA) trials. In the 2nd experiment, males and females of these ages and 15 and 28 days of age that were obtained from a different source, weaned at a later age, and housed differently received TWA training. Results of both(More)
In Experiment 1, 15-, 17-, 21-, 36-, and 90-day-old rats were injected with either physiological saline, 0.5-, 1.0-, 4.0-, 8.0-, or 16.0-mg/kg of d-amphetamine sulfate and 20-min later they were allowed to explore a two-way avoidance apparatus for 8 min. Immediately following adaptation, they were given a single session of 100 two-way avoidance trials. In(More)
Milk reinforcement was contingent on the occurrence of 36 -44 (40) Hz EEG activity in the left visual cortex (VC) of one group of cats and in the right hippocampus (H) of a second group. Both groups learned to increase 40 Hz activity, and acquisition of reinforcement was associated with immobility. A third group (behavioral controls - BC) was trained by the(More)