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Fear of pain has been implicated in the development and maintenance of chronic pain behavior. Consistent with conceptualizations of anxiety as occurring within three response modes, this paper introduces an instrument to measure fear of pain across cognitive, overt behavioral, and physiological domains. The Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale (PASS) was(More)
The Pain Disability Index (PDI) was developed as a self-report measure of general and domain-specific, pain-related disability. This study's purpose was twofold: (1) to assess construct validity of the scale relative to other measures of pain-related disability and psychologic distress and (2) to assess the strength of the PDI, independent of pain(More)
This study investigated predictions of pain intensity, reports of pain and anxiety, frequency of pain-related anxiety symptoms, and range of motion, in 43 patients exposed to pain during a physical examination. All patients had primary complaints of low back pain. The pain stimuli used for this study included back and/or leg pain produced by repeatedly(More)
Data from the National Health Examination Survey (cycles II and III) provided a representative sample of 13,887 US youths (6 to 17 years of age) with which to examine the relationship between height (normalized for age and sex) and measures of intellectual development (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children) and academic achievement (Wide Range(More)
This paper uses a representative national sample of adolescents to study the interrelationships among family structure, patterns of family decision making, and deviant behavior among adolescents. Mother-only households are shown to be associated with particular patterns of family decision making and adolescent deviance, even when family income and parental(More)
Instruments used to study anxiety and fear responses related to chronic pain vary along two dimensions. They differ in terms of the stimuli or situations that evoke anxiety responses and the types of anxiety responses included (i.e. cognitive, motoric, and physiological). This study examined relations of variables from the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale(More)
Variation in the timing of pubertal maturation may result in behavioral differences among early, mid-, and late maturers. Using data from the National Health Examination Survey, a national probability sample of children and youth aged 12-17, we investigated the relationships between maturational timing and body image, school behavior, and deviance. In terms(More)
Data from the U.S. National Health Examination Survey of 12-17-year-old youths were used to determine whether the development of the social behavior of dating is more closely linked to the level of sexual maturation or to the progression through age grades without reference to sexual maturation. Regression analyses and partial correlations show that(More)
According to a fear-avoidance model of chronic pain, disability is largely determined by the erroneous belief that an increase in activity level is potentially harmful. Further, recent literature suggests that excessive fears regarding physical activities contribute to significant disability. However, the relation of changes in these fears to functional(More)
This study evaluated the relation of particular aspects of pain-related anxiety to characteristics of chronic pain distress in a sample of 76 individuals with low-back pain. Consistent with contemporary cognitive-behavioral models of chronic pain, the cognitive dimension of the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale (PASS; McCracken, Zayfert, and Gross, 1992, Pain(More)