Learn More
A highly stable strain of Staphylococcus aureus with a pulsed-field gel electrophoresis type of USA300 and multilocus sequence type 8 has been isolated from patients residing in diverse geographic regions of the United States. This strain, designated USA300-0114, is a major cause of skin and soft tissue infections among persons in community settings,(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) PFGE strain type USA300 (multilocus sequence type 8, clonal complex 8, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type IV) was first reported in the USA as a cause of skin and soft issue infection among college football players in Pennsylvania and among prisoners in Missouri in 2000. Over the next 5 years,(More)
A small number of clonal lineages dominates the global population structure of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), resulting in the concept that MRSA has emerged on a few occasions after penicillinase-stable beta-lactam antibiotics were introduced to clinical practice, followed by intercontinental spread of individual clones. We investigated(More)
Four isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae obtained from patients at a Maryland medical centre exhibited reduced susceptibility to carbapenems and were found to produce the novel, class A, plasmid-mediated, carbapenem-hydrolysing enzyme, KPC-2. This enzyme has 99% identity with the plasmid-mediated, carbapenem-hydrolysing enzyme KPC-1, reported previously in a(More)
Nosocomial infections are an important source of morbidity and mortality in hospital settings, afflicting an estimated 2 million patients in United States each year. This number represents up to 5% of hospitalized patients and results in an estimated 88,000 deaths and 4.5 billion dollars in excess health care costs. Increasingly, hospital-acquired(More)
1 The arginine catabolic mobile element (ACME) is prevalent among ST8-MRSA-IVa 2 (USA300) isolates and evidence suggests that ACME enhances the ability of ST8-MRSA-IVa to 3 grow and survive on its host. ACME has been identified in a small number of isolates belonging 4
In Australia the PVL-positive ST93-IV [2B], colloquially known as "Queensland CA-MRSA" has become the dominant CA-MRSA clone. First described in the early 2000s, ST93-IV [2B] is associated with skin and severe invasive infections including necrotizing pneumonia. A singleton by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) eBURST analysis ST93 is distinct from other S.(More)
Integrated circuits and electronic systems, as well as design technologies, are evolving at a great rate—both quantitatively and qualitatively. Major developments include new interconnects and switching devices with atomic-scale uncertainty, the depth and scale of on-chip integration, electronic system-level integration, the increasing significance of(More)
We investigated the population structure of Staphylococcus aureus clonal complex CC121 by mutation discovery at 115 genetic housekeeping loci from each of 154 isolates, sampled on five continents between 1953 and 2009. In addition, we pyro-sequenced the genomes from ten representative isolates. The genome-wide SNPs that were ascertained revealed the(More)