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Contraction of the tongue musculature during speech and swallowing is associated with characteristic patterns of tissue deformation. In order to quantify local deformation (strain) in the human tongue, we used a non-invasive NMR tagging technique that represents tissue as discrete deforming elements. Subjects were studied with a fast gradient echo pulse(More)
To demonstrate the relationship between lingual myoarchitecture and mechanics during swallowing, we performed a finite-element (FE) simulation of lingual deformation employing mesh aligned with the vector coordinates of myofiber tracts obtained by diffusion tensor imaging with tractography in humans. Material properties of individual elements were depicted(More)
The myoarchitecture of the tongue is comprised of a complex array of muscle fiber bundles, which form the structural basis for lingual deformations during speech and swallowing. We used magnetic resonance imaging of the water diffusion tensor to display the primary and secondary fiber architectural attributes of the excised bovine tongue. Fiber orientation(More)
Our goal was to quantify intramural mechanics in the tongue through an assessment of local strain during the physiological phases of swallowing. Subjects were imaged with an ultrafast gradient echo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) pulse sequence after the application of supersaturated magnetized bands in the x and y directions. Local strain was defined(More)
The muscular anatomy of the tongue consists of a complex three-dimensional array of fibers, which together produce the variations of shape and position necessary for deglutition. To define the myoarchitecture of the intact mammalian tongue, we have utilized NMR techniques to assess the location and orientation of muscle fiber bundles through measurement of(More)
The principal functions of the gastrointestinal tract mucosa include nutrient absorption, protein and fluid secretion, and the regulated symbiosis with intraluminal contents. Research in epithelial biology has benefited significantly from the use of cultured monolayer preparations, which closely replicate the structure and function of normal(More)
The mammalian tongue is believed to fall into a class of organs known as muscular hydrostats, organs for which muscle contraction both generates and provides the skeletal support for motion. We propose that the myoarchitecture of the tongue, consisting of intricate arrays of muscular fibers, forms the structural basis for hydrostatic deformation. Owing to(More)
The ability to resolve complex fiber populations in muscular tissues is important for relating tissue structure with mechanical function. To address this issue in the case of tongue, we employed diffusion spectrum imaging (DSI), an MRI method for determining three-dimensional myoarchitecture where myofiber populations are variably aligned. By specifically(More)
PURPOSE To study the anatomical relationships involving the intrinsic and extrinsic myofiber populations of the human tongue employing diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with tractography. MATERIALS AND METHODS Images of the human tongue in vivo were obtained using a twice-refocused spin echo DTI pulse sequence at 1.5 T, isotropic 3 x 3 x 3 mm(3) voxels,(More)
The determination of principal fiber directions in structurally heterogeneous biological tissue substantially contributes to an understanding of its mechanical function in vivo. In this study we have depicted structural heterogeneity through the model of the mammalian tongue, a tissue comprised of a network of highly interwoven fibers responsible for(More)