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BACKGROUND Changes in myocardial microstructure are important components of the tissue response to infarction but are difficult to resolve with current imaging techniques. A novel technique, diffusion spectrum MRI tractography (DSI tractography), was thus used to image myofiber architecture in normal and infarcted myocardium. Unlike diffusion tensor(More)
Thirty-six strains of aerobic endospore-forming bacteria confirmed by polyphasic taxonomic methods to belong to Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus subtilis (including Bacillus niger and Bacillus globigii), Bacillus sphaericus, and Brevi laterosporus were grown axenically on nutrient agar, and(More)
A provisional serotyping scheme for Bacillus cereus has been developed. Eighteen selected cultures of B. cereus isolated from foods and clinical specimens were used to prepare agglutinating sera against the flagellar antigen. There were no significant cross-reactions between the sera. The sera were used to type 137 isolates of B. cereus from 34 British and(More)
Contraction of the tongue musculature during speech and swallowing is associated with characteristic patterns of tissue deformation. In order to quantify local deformation (strain) in the human tongue, we used a non-invasive NMR tagging technique that represents tissue as discrete deforming elements. Subjects were studied with a fast gradient echo pulse(More)
The goal of this study was to define some of the cellular and ionic mechanisms of smooth muscle cell activation in dog renal arteries exposed to physiological levels of transmural pressure. Isolated interlobular arteries were cannulated and connected to a pressure reservoir to allow manipulation of transmural pressure in 20-mmHg increment steps from 20 to(More)
In these studies we determined the effects of purified Clostridium difficile toxin A, an enterotoxin, on the electrophysiological and contractile properties of rabbit intestinal circular smooth muscle and correlated these effects with changes of smooth muscle morphology. Simultaneous measurements of intracellular membrane potential and contractility were(More)
The muscular anatomy of the tongue consists of a complex three-dimensional array of fibers, which together produce the variations of shape and position necessary for deglutition. To define the myoarchitecture of the intact mammalian tongue, we have utilized NMR techniques to assess the location and orientation of muscle fiber bundles through measurement of(More)
The myoarchitecture of the tongue is comprised of a complex array of muscle fiber bundles, which form the structural basis for lingual deformations during speech and swallowing. We used magnetic resonance imaging of the water diffusion tensor to display the primary and secondary fiber architectural attributes of the excised bovine tongue. Fiber orientation(More)
Strains of Salmonella enteritidis, S. typhimurium and S. senftenberg inoculated into the yolks of shell eggs were found to survive forms of cooking where some of the yolk remained liquid. Survival was largely independent of the size of the initial inoculum. The organisms also grew rapidly in eggs stored at room temperature and after 2 days the number of(More)