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— This paper analyses competition between two Internet Service Providers (ISPs) either or both of which may choose to offer multiple service classes. In the model analysed, a social planner who maximises the total benefit from network usage and a profit maximising monopolist will both form multiple service classes; but two networks competing to maximise(More)
Congestion in urban areas causes financial loss to business and increased use of energy compared with free-flowing traffic. Providing citizens with accurate information on traffic conditions can encourage journeys at times of low congestion, and uptake of public transport. Metricat-ing a city to provide this information is expensive and potentially invades(More)
The increasing penetration of electric vehicles over the coming decades, taken together with the high cost to upgrade local distribution networks and consumer demand for home charging, suggest that managing congestion on low voltage networks will be a crucial component of the electric vehicle revolution and the move away from fossil fuels in transportation.(More)
—The increasing popularity of smartphones and other similar multi-modal wireless devices has created an opportunity for the realization of large-scale hybrid (or heterogeneous) networks. Typically, modern mobile devices are likely to support a short range communication interface (e.g. IEEE 802.11/WiFi) and/or a longer range communication interface (e.g.(More)
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