Richard G. Wise

Learn More
Carbon dioxide is a potent cerebral vasodilator. We have identified a significant source of low-frequency variation in blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal at 3 T arising from spontaneous fluctuations in arterial carbon dioxide level in volunteers at rest. Fluctuations in the partial pressure of end-tidal carbon(More)
Current clinical and experimental literature strongly supports the phenomenon of reduced pain perception whilst attention is distracted away from noxious stimuli. This study used functional MRI to elucidate the underlying neural systems and mechanisms involved. An analogue of the Stroop task, the counting Stroop, was used as a cognitive distraction task(More)
The estimation of changes in CMR(O2) using functional MRI involves an essential calibration step using a vasoactive agent to induce an isometabolic change in CBF. This calibration procedure is performed most commonly using hypercapnia as the isometabolic stimulus. However, hypercapnia possesses a number of detrimental side effects. Here, a new method is(More)
Combined blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) and arterial spin labeling (ASL) functional MRI (fMRI) was performed for simultaneous investigation of neurovascular coupling in the primary visual cortex (PVC), primary motor cortex (PMC), and supplementary motor area (SMA). The hypercapnia-calibrated method was employed to estimate the fractional change in(More)
Defining language lateralization is important to minimize morbidity in patients treated surgically for temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) offers a promising, noninvasive, alternative strategy to the Wada test. Here we have used fMRI to study healthy controls and patients with TLE in order to (i) define(More)
Graded levels of supplemental inspired oxygen were investigated for their viability as a noninvasive method of obtaining intravascular magnetic resonance image contrast. Administered hyperoxia has been shown to be effective as a blood oxygenation level-dependent contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); however, it is known that high levels of(More)
It is common clinical experience that anxiety about pain can exacerbate the pain sensation. Using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI), we compared activation responses to noxious thermal stimulation while perceived pain intensity was manipulated by changes in either physical intensity or induced anxiety. One visual signal, which(More)
PURPOSE To estimate the importance of respiratory and cardiac effects on signal variability found in functional magnetic resonance imaging data recorded from the brainstem. MATERIALS AND METHODS A modified version of the retrospective image correction (RETROICOR) method (Glover et al, [2000] Magn Reson Med 44:162-167) was implemented on resting brainstem(More)
Psychedelic drugs have a long history of use in healing ceremonies, but despite renewed interest in their therapeutic potential, we continue to know very little about how they work in the brain. Here we used psilocybin, a classic psychedelic found in magic mushrooms, and a task-free functional MRI (fMRI) protocol designed to capture the transition from(More)
Spinal cord functional imaging allows assessment of activity in primary synaptic connections made by sensory neurons relaying information about the state of the body. However, reported human data based on gradient-echo techniques have been largely inconsistent, with no clear patterns of activation emerging. One reason for this variability is the influence(More)