Richard G. Vernon

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The factors regulating serum leptin concentration and its relationship to the hyperphagia of lactation have been investigated in rats. Lactation results in hypoleptinaemia and loss, or at least marked attenuation, of the nocturnal rise in serum leptin. Litter removal resulted in a fall in food intake and restoration of the nocturnal rise in serum leptin.(More)
Lactation markedly increases nutrient requirements in both rodents and ruminants. This is met mostly by increased food intake, but there are also adaptations to increase metabolic efficiency. Despite such changes, lactating animals usually experience periods of negative energy balance. This is not due to a physical constraint on food intake, at least in the(More)
Clones corresponding to ovine stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) cDNA were isolated from an adipose tissue cDNA library. All of these clones represented a single mRNA species as judged by restriction fragment and DNA sequence analysis. RNase protection analysis demonstrated that this SCD transcript is highly expressed in adipose tissue and liver, and in the(More)
Adipocyte lipolysis was compared with hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL)/perilipin subcellular distribution and perilipin phosphorylation using Western blot analysis. Under basal conditions, HSL resided predominantly in the cytosol and unphosphorylated perilipin upon the lipid droplet. Upon lipolytic stimulation of adipocytes isolated from young rats with the(More)
Fatty acids are the major source of energy for most tissues during periods of negative energy balance; however, fatty acids can, in some circumstances, have pathological effects. Fatty acids are stored as triacylglycerols (TAG), mostly in the various adipose tissue depots of the body. However, if blood unesterified fatty acid (NEFA) levels are elevated for(More)
Inhibition of prolactin secretion with bromocriptine and neutralization of GH action with a specific antiserum to rat GH (rGH) were used to explore the modes of action of GH and prolactin in maintaining lactation in the rat. Treatment of dams with anti-rGH caused a small reduction in litter weight gain whilst bromocriptine reduced litter weight gain by 50%.(More)
The effects of sex, genotype, and adipose depot on lipogenic enzyme activity have been investigated in Holstein and Pirenaican bulls and heifers, taking into account differences in adipocyte size. Fifteen Pirenaican bulls and 15 heifers and 15 Holstein bulls and 13 heifers were fattened until slaughter (12 to 13 mo old and 450 to 500 kg of body weight).(More)