Richard G. Niswonger

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Low river flows are commonly controlled by river-aquifer exchange, the magnitude of which is governed by hydraulic properties of both aquifer and aquitard materials beneath the river. Low flows are often important ecologically. Numerical simulations were used to assess how textural heterogeneity of an alluvial system influences river seepage and low flows.(More)
Various approaches have been proposed to manage the nonlinearities associated with the unconfined flow equation and to simulate perched groundwater conditions using the MODFLOW family of codes. The approaches comprise a variety of numerical techniques to prevent dry cells from becoming inactive and to achieve a stable solution focused on formulations of the(More)
The dependency of surfaceor groundwater flows and aquifer hydraulic properties on dewateringinduced layer deformation is not available in the USGS's groundwater model MODFLOW. A new integrated hydrologic model, MODFLOW-OWHM, formulates this dependency by coupling mesh deformation with aquifer transmissivity and storage and by linking land subsidence/uplift(More)
The MT3DMS groundwater solute transport model was modified to simulate solute transport in the unsaturated zone by incorporating the unsaturated-zone flow (UZF1) package developed for MODFLOW. The modified MT3DMS code uses a volume-averaged approach in which Lagrangian-based UZF1 fluid fluxes and storage changes are mapped onto a fixed grid. Referred to as(More)
The U.S. Department of Interior has identified the Truckee River basin as highly likely for potential water supply conflict in the future. A critical water supply to the Truckee River is outflow from Lake Tahoe, and surface and groundwater contributions from the Martis Valley hydrographic area. This paper highlights the development of an integrated surface(More)
Groundwater exchanges with lakes resulting from cyclical wet and dry climate extremes maintain lake levels in the environment in ways that are not well understood, in part because they remain difficult to simulate. To better understand the atypical groundwater interactions with lakes caused by climatic extremes, an original conceptual approach is introduced(More)
A numerical model was developed that is capable of simulating multispecies reactive solute transport in variably saturated porous media. This model consists of a modified version of the reactive transport model RT3D (Reactive Transport in 3 Dimensions) that is linked to the Unsaturated-Zone Flow (UZF1) package and MODFLOW. Referred to as UZF-RT3D, the model(More)
Figures 1. A qualitative description of thermal and hydraulic responses to four possible states of a streambed .. 2. The streambed temperature profiles for a losing stream compared with a gaining stream for the annual example and the diurnal example .. 7. A comparison of streambed temperatures measured directly in the sediments and temperatures measured(More)
GSFLOW is a new U.S. Geological Survey model for simulating ground-water/surface-water interactions. GSFLOW couples PRMS (the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System) to MODFLOW (the Modular Ground-Water Model) with modules for simulating flow and storage in unsaturated-zones, lakes, and streams. GSFLOW simulates infiltration, runoff generation, and lateral(More)
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