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An improved serum-free culture system has been developed for normal human epidermal keratinocytes (HK). Short-term clonal growth and differentiation studies are routinely performed in a defined medium consisting of optimized nutrient medium MCDB 153 supplemented with epidermal growth factor, insulin, hydrocortisone, ethanolamine, and phosphoethanolamine. A(More)
A serum-free medium with bovine pituitary extract as the only undefined supplement has been developed for long-term culture of human mammary epithelial cells. This medium supports serial subculture of normal cells for 10-20 passages (1:10 splits) without conditioning or special substrates, and it supports rapid clonal growth with plating efficiencies up to(More)
Fibroblasts from ovine skin, and from the perirenal and subcutaneous adipose tissues of sheep were grown at clonal densities in medium MCDB 202 supplemented with 1 microgram/ml bovine insulin, 1 microM dexamethasone, 100 ng/ml fibroblast growth factor and 20 micrograms/ml of the lipid preparation described by Bettger, W. J., Boyce, S. T., Walthall, B. J.(More)
The trace element selenium is essential for clonal growth of diploid fibroblasts from human fetal lung (WI-38) in media containing small amounts of serum protein. Maximum growth stimulation is obtained when 30 nM neutralized selenious acid is added to a synthetic medium containing 1.5 mg/ml of dialyzed fetal bovine serum protein (equivalent to a 3% serum(More)
A new medium (MCDB 104) has been developed which will support clonal growth of WI-38 cells at concentrations of serum protein as low as 25 μg per ml (equivalent to 0.05% serum). The principal factors responsible for reduction of the protein requirement are: (a) adjustment of all nutrient concentrations in medium F12 to experimentally determined optimum(More)
Colony formation by normal human epidermal keratinocytes (HK) has been achieved in a medium that contains no deliberately added undefined supplements. The term "defined" is used to describe this medium, although the possibility that trace contaminants in its components could be contributing to the multiplication that it supports cannot yet be ruled out(More)