Richard G. Cotton

Learn More
Phenylalanine hydroxylase converts phenylalanine to tyrosine, a rate-limiting step in phenylalanine catabolism and protein and neurotransmitter biosynthesis. It is tightly regulated by the substrates phenylalanine and tetrahydrobiopterin and by phosphorylation. We present the crystal structures of dephosphorylated and phosphorylated forms of a dimeric(More)
A variant form of Alzheimer's disease (AD), in which spastic paraparesis (SP) precedes dementia, is characterised by large, noncored, weakly neuritic Abeta-amyloid plaques resembling cotton wool balls and is caused by genomic deletion of presenilin 1 exon 9. A pedigree with a 5.9 kb exon 9 deletion shows a phenotypic spectrum including subjects with typical(More)
The chemical reactivity of thymine (T), when mismatched with the bases cytosine, guanine, and thymine, and of cytosine (C), when mismatched with thymine, adenine, and cytosine, has been examined. Heteroduplex DNAs containing such mismatched base pairs were first incubated with osmium tetroxide (for T and C mismatches) or hydroxylamine (for C mismatches) and(More)
Regional loss of immunohistochemically identified neurons in serial sections through the brainstem of 4 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease was compared with equivalent sections from 4 age-matched control subjects. In the Parkinson brains, the catecholamine cell groups of the midbrain, pons, and medulla showed variable neuropathological changes.(More)
BACKGROUND Carriers of autosomal-recessive and X-linked Alport syndrome often have a thinned glomerular basement membrane (GBM) and have mutations in the COL4A3/COL4A4 and COL4A5 genes respectively. Recently, we have shown that many individuals with thin basement membrane disease (TBMD) are also from families where hematuria segregates with the(More)
Mutation detection is important in all areas of biology. Detection of unknown mutations can involve sequencing of kilobases of DNA, often in many patients. This has lead to the development of methods to screen DNA for mutations as well as methods to detect previously described mutations. This review discusses current methods used for such purposes with(More)
An infant, born to parents who were first cousins had multiple physical malformations. An associated biochemical abnormality was suggested by the urinary excretion of cysteine and cysteamine conjugates of methacrylic acid. The coenzyme A (CoA) ester of this compound is an intermediate in the pathway of valine oxidation. Subsequent investigation revealed a(More)
We have employed immunohistochemical and morphometric procedures to study serotonin-synthesizing (PH8-immunoreactive) neurons in the pontine reticular formation of the adult human. PH8-immunoreactive neurons were found in three cytoarchitectural regions: the median raphe nucleus (MnR), oral pontine reticular nucleus (PnO), and supralemniscal region (group(More)
The distribution, morphology and number of serotonin-, catecholamine- and substance P-containing neurons in the human dorsal raphe nucleus were studied. Parallel series of sections were prepared from 10 human brainstems obtained at autopsy from patients without neurological disease aged between 42 and 88 years. The neurons were identified using(More)