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BACKGROUND Although drug-eluting stents (DES) significantly reduce restenosis, they require 3 to 6 months of thienopyridine therapy to prevent stent thrombosis. The rate and consequences of prematurely discontinuing thienopyridine therapy after DES placement for acute myocardial infarction (MI) are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We used prospectively(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to examine the relation among the angiographic severity of coronary artery lesions, coronary flow velocity and translesional pressure gradients. BACKGROUND Determination of the clinical and hemodynamic significance of coronary artery stenoses is often difficult and inexact. Angiography has been shown to be an(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with treated diabetes in the randomized-trial segment of the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI) who were randomized to initial revascularization with PTCA had significantly worse 5-year survival than patients assigned to CABG. This treatment difference was not seen among diabetic patients eligible for BARI who(More)
BACKGROUND Treatments for non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) reduce ischemic events but increase bleeding. Baseline prediction of bleeding risk can complement ischemic risk prediction for optimization of NSTEMI care; however, existing models are not well suited for this purpose. METHODS AND RESULTS We developed (n=71 277) and(More)
BACKGROUND Absolute coronary flow velocity reserve (CVR) after stenting may remain abnormal as a result of several different mechanisms. Relative CVR (rCVR=CVR(target)/CVR(reference)) theoretically normalizes for global microcirculatory disturbances and facilitates interpretation of abnormal CVR. METHODS AND RESULTS To characterize potential mechanisms of(More)
BACKGROUND This study compared angiographically graded coronary blood flow with intracoronary Doppler flow velocity in patients during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for acute myocardial infarction. Different TIMI angiographic flow grades (flow grades based on results of the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction trial) have been(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to determine whether the number of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and circulating angiogenic cells (CACs) in peripheral blood was associated with the presence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients undergoing coronary angiography. BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested an inverse(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery bypass conduits derived from internal mammary arteries show relative resistance to atherosclerosis and significantly improved long-term patency compared with saphenous vein grafts. Atherothrombotic occlusion of venous conduits has previously been correlated with lower flow rates measured intraoperatively. To quantitate coronary(More)
BACKGROUND Clopidogrel is recommended after acute myocardial infarction but has variable efficacy and safety, in part related to the effect of cytochrome P450 (CYP) polymorphisms on its metabolism. The effect of CYP polymorphisms on cardiovascular events among clopidogrel-treated patients after acute myocardial infarction remains controversial, and no(More)
To characterize coronary blood flow velocity parameters and to determine the relation among velocity, volumetric flow, and vascular resistance in awake human beings, we performed paired proximal and distal velocity measurements in 28 angiographically normal coronary arteries. Mean velocity, peak velocity, diastolic-to-systolic velocity ratio, and diameter(More)