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This document describes the specification language for service level agreements for Web Services, the Web Service Level Agreement (WSLA) language. WSLAs are agreements between a service provider and a customer and as such define the obligations of the parties involved. Primarily, this is the obligation of a service provider to perform a service according to(More)
alpha-Galactosylceramide (alpha-GalCer) is a glycolipid that stimulates natural killer T cells to produce both T helper (Th) 1 and Th2 cytokines. This property enables alpha-GalCer to ameliorate a wide variety of infectious, neoplastic, and autoimmune diseases; however, its effectiveness against any one disease is limited by the opposing activities of the(More)
Certain glycolipid Ags for Valpha14i NKT cells can direct the overall cytokine balance of the immune response. Th2-biasing OCH has a lower TCR avidity than the most potent agonist known, alpha-galactosylceramide. Although the CD1d-exposed portions of OCH and alpha-galactosylceramide are identical, structural analysis indicates that there are subtle CD1d(More)
Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are known to have marked immunomodulatory capacity due to their ability to produce copious amounts of effector cytokines. Here, we report the structure and function of a novel class of aromatic α-galactosylceramide structurally related glycolipids with marked Th1 bias in both mice and men, leading to superior tumour(More)
Infection with influenza A virus represents a major public health threat worldwide, particularly in patients with asthma. However, immunity induced by influenza A virus may have beneficial effects, particularly in young children, that might protect against the later development of asthma, as suggested by the hygiene hypothesis. Herein, we show that(More)
We have recently shown that alpha-C-galactosylceramide (alpha-C-GalCer) stimulates invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells and preferentially induces a T helper 1 (Th1)-type response in mice. However, alpha-C-GalCer was found to be a rather weak ligand against human iNKT cells in vitro. Therefore, in this study, we sought to identify a compound that(More)
It has been shown that dendritic cells (DCs) are able to present glycolipids to natural killer (NK) T cells in vivo. However, the essential role of DCs, as well as the role of other cells in glycolipid presentation, is unknown. Here, we show that DCs are the crucial antigen-presenting cells (APCs) for splenic NK T cells, whereas Kupffer cells are the key(More)
The glycosphingolipid alpha-galactosylceramide (alpha-GalCer) has been shown to be a potent activator of invariant NKT (iNKT) cells, rapidly inducing large amounts of both Th1 and Th2 cytokines upon injection in mice. The C-glycoside analog of alpha-GalCer (alpha-C-GalCer), by contrast, results in an enhanced Th1-type response upon activation of iNKT cells.(More)