Richard Fitzpatrick

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African sleeping sickness is a fatal disease that is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei. Polyamine biosynthesis is an essential pathway in the parasite and is a validated drug target for treatment of the disease. S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (AdoMetDC) catalyzes a key step in polyamine biosynthesis. Here, we show that trypanosomatids(More)
Most dairy cows suffer uterine microbial contamination postpartum. Persistent endometritis often develops, associated with reduced fertility. We used a model of differential feeding and milking regimes to produce cows in differing negative energy balance status in early lactation (mild or severe, MNEB or SNEB). Blood hematology was assessed preslaughter at(More)
Postpartum dairy cows enter a period of negative energy balance (NEB) associated with low circulating IGF1, during which the uterus must undergo extensive repair following calving. This study investigated the effects of NEB on expression of IGF family members and related genes in the involuting uterus. Cows were allocated to two treatments using(More)
In high-yielding dairy cows the liver undergoes extensive physiological and biochemical changes during the early postpartum period in an effort to re-establish metabolic homeostasis and to counteract the adverse effects of negative energy balance (NEB). These adaptations are likely to be mediated by significant alterations in hepatic gene expression. To(More)
Perinatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) is linked to cognitive deficits in humans and experimental animals; however, the mechanism(s) underlying this effect remain speculative. Apoptosis is essential to normal brain development, and perturbation of normal spatiotemporal patterns of apoptosis can cause persistent neural deficits. We tested the(More)
In dairy cows, negative energy balance (NEB) during the early post-partum period is associated with major alterations in the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor (GH-IGF) axis. Since the liver mediates nutrient partitioning during lactation, we aimed to determine how NEB alters the endocrine regulation of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system by(More)
Rapid uterine involution in the postpartum period of dairy cows is important to achieve a short interval to conception. Expression patterns for members of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) family were determined by in situ hybridisation at day 14+/-0.4 postpartum (n=12 cows) to investigate a potential role for IGFs in modulating uterine involution.(More)
Trypanosomiasis remains a significant disease across the sub-Saharan African continent, with 50,000 to 70,000 individuals infected. The utility of current therapies is limited by issues of toxicity and the need to administer compounds intravenously. We have begun a program to pursue lead optimization around MDL 73811, an irreversible inhibitor of(More)
Molecular biology is being increasingly used to address the complex problem of bovine infertility. One common concern shared by many of these studies is the postmortem delay in obtaining reproductive tissues and the effect this may have on RNA dependent studies. To address this concern, bovine ovarian, oviduct and uterine tissue samples, collected over(More)