Richard Felix

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The superior paraolivary nucleus (SPON) is a prominent structure in the auditory brainstem. In contrast to the principal superior olivary nuclei with identified roles in processing binaural sound localization cues, the role of the SPON in hearing is not well understood. A combined in vitro and in vivo approach was used to investigate the cellular properties(More)
The superior paraolivary nucleus (SPON) is a prominent cell group in the auditory brain stem that has been increasingly implicated in representing temporal sound structure. Although SPON neurons selectively respond to acoustic signals important for sound periodicity, the underlying physiological specializations enabling these responses are poorly(More)
The mammalian superior paraolivary nucleus (SPON) is a major source of GABAergic inhibition to neurons in the inferior colliculus (IC), a well-studied midbrain nucleus that is the site of convergence and integration for the majority ascending auditory pathways en route to the cortex. Neurons in the SPON and IC exhibit highly precise responses to temporal(More)
The superior paraolivary nucleus (SPON) is a prominent structure in the mammalian auditory brainstem with a proposed role in encoding transient broadband sounds such as vocalized utterances. Currently, the source of excitatory pathways that project to the SPON and how these inputs contribute to SPON function are poorly understood. To shed light on the(More)
Individuals with age-related hearing loss often have difficulty understanding complex sounds such as basic speech. The C57BL/6 mouse suffers from progressive sensorineural hearing loss and thus is an effective tool for dissecting the neural mechanisms underlying changes in complex sound processing observed in humans. Neural mechanisms important for(More)
The inferior colliculus receives a massive convergence of inputs and in the mustached bat, this convergence leads to the creation of neurons in the inferior colliculus that integrate information across multiple frequency bands. These neurons are tuned to multiple frequency bands or are combination-sensitive; responding best to the combination of two signals(More)
This study investigates the learning dynamics of cartwheel cells in the dorsal cochlear nucleus (DCN). Cartwheel cells are excited by parallel fibers that carry information from various sources, such as auditory stimuli, proprioception and recurrent inputs from higherorder auditory processing. Thus, these cells are thought to be involved in multimodal(More)
The superior paraolivary nucleus (SPON; alternative abbreviation: SPN for the same nucleus in certain species) is a prominent brainstem structure that provides strong inhibitory input to the auditory midbrain. Previous studies established that SPON neurons encode temporal sound features with high precision. These earlier characterizations of SPON responses(More)
The neurochemical serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is involved in a variety of behavioral functions including arousal, reward, and attention, and has a role in several complex disorders of the brain. In the auditory system, 5-HT fibers innervate a number of subcortical nuclei, yet the modulatory role of 5-HT in nearly all of these areas remains poorly(More)
Neuromodulators can alter the response properties of sensory neurons, including those in the auditory system. Dopamine, which plays a major role in reward and movement, has been shown to alter neural responses in the auditory brainstem and midbrain. Recently we identified the subparafascicular thalamic nucleus (SPF), part of the A11 dopaminergic cell group,(More)