Richard Fears

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Compactin, [7-(1,2,6,7,8,8a-hexahydro-2-methyl-8-(2-methylbutyrylox)naphthyl)-3-hydroxyheptan-5-olide], a potent competitive inhibitor of the rate-determining step in cholesterol biosynthesis, was used to study the influence of changes in cholesterogenesis on serum cholesterol levels. Up to 3 h after a single oral dose (20 or 50 mg/kg) or after the last of(More)
Rat hepatocytes were incubated in monolayer culture, under serum-free conditions for 8 h. Rat growth hormone (up to 100 nM) increased the activity of phosphatidate phosphohydrolase by up to 47%. Insulin (500 pM or 35 nM), cycloheximide or actinomycin D reversed this effect. The ability of growth hormone to modify the effects of insulin is discussed in(More)
Rat hepatocytes were incubated in monolayer culture in modified Leibovitz L-15 medium containing either 10% (v/v) newborn-calf serum or 0.2% (w/v) fatty-acid-poor bovine serum albumin. The addition of 100 nM-dexamethasone increased the activities of both phosphatidate phosphohydrolase and tyrosine aminotransferase by about 3.5-fold after 8h, and these(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the induction of antistreptokinase antibodies after giving streptokinase or anistreplase to patients with acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN Patients were randomly allocated to receive either 1.5 x 10(6) IU, streptokinase or 30U anistreplase in a double blind study. Blood samples were collected immediately before treatment and(More)
Hepatocytes were preincubated with 10mM-glucagon and 100 microM-corticosterone to increase phosphatidate phosphohydrolase activity. Addition of 10 nM-glucagon or 100 microM-8-bromo cyclic GMP to a second incubation mixture that contained cycloheximide increased the half-life of the phosphohydrolase activity. Dexamethasone (100 nM) had no significant effect,(More)
1. Rats were fed on diets enriched with starch, sucrose, corn oil or beef tallow for 3 weeks and the activities of various enzymes in the liver were measured. 2. The mitochondrial glycerol phosphate acyltransferase activity was lower in rats fed on the starch diet than on the two high-fat diets. 3. The non-microsomal (presumably peroxisomal)(More)
Rat hepatocytes were incubated in monolayer culture for 8 h. Glucagon (10nM) increased the total phosphatidate phosphohydrolase activity by 1.7-fold. This effect was abolished by adding cycloheximide, actinomycin D or 500 pM-insulin to the incubations. The glucagon-induced increase was synergistic with that produced by an optimum concentration of 100(More)
1. The biosynthesis of cholesterol in vivo was studied at a number of tissue sites in rats by using 3H2O as precursor. Overall, the mass of cholesterol synthesized was in good agreement with the rate of cholesterogenesis, as determined by kinetic analysis of cholesterol specific-radioactivity-time curves after administration of radiolabelled cholesterol. 2.(More)