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BACKGROUND It has been suggested that the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), is three or more times higher in northern than in southern Europe. The aim of this EC funded study was to investigate this apparent variation by ascertaining the incidence of IBD across Europe. METHODS(More)
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in children in western countries may be rising. Since there is no prospective national data on the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in the UK and Republic of Ireland (ROI), we undertook a prospective survey to determine this incidence. The incidence during 1998 and 1999 was 5.2/100,000 per year in children(More)
Mutations in the MeCP2 gene cause Rett syndrome, a neurologic condition affecting primarily young girls. To gain insight into the normal function of MeCP2, we examined its temporal and spatial expression patterns, and immunoreactive prevalence, during late embryonic and perinatal brain development. MeCP2 mRNA was detected in most regions of the developing(More)
BACKGROUND Bowel cancer is a serious health burden and its early diagnosis improves survival. The Bowel Cancer Screening Programme (BCSP) in England screens with the Faecal Occult Blood test (FOBt), followed by colonoscopy for individuals with a positive test result. Socioeconomic inequalities have been demonstrated for FOBt uptake, but it is not known(More)
The aim of this study was to establish the relative importance of risk factors for mortality after acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage, and to formulate a simple numerical scoring system that categorizes patients by risk. A prospective, unselected, multicentre, population based study was undertaken using standardised questionnaires in two phases one(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the seroprevalence, correlates, and characteristics of undetected coeliac disease in a large adult population sample in Cambridge, UK. METHODS The Cambridge General Practice Health Study invited individuals from 12 general practices, aged 45-76 years, to attend for a health survey that included a bone density measurement, between 1990(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Analyses of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) complication are often constrained by the number of endpoints observed. This large-scale study aimed to identify the principal risk factors for ERCP complication. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a prospective multicenter study of ERCP complications, based in five(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the risks of hospitalisation for bleeding peptic ulcer with the current prophylactic aspirin regimens of 300 mg daily or less. DESIGN A case-control study with hospital and community controls. SETTING Hospitals in Glasgow, Newcastle, Nottingham, Oxford, and Portsmouth. SUBJECTS 1121 patients with gastric or duodenal ulcer(More)
Treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with an increased risk of peptic ulcer complications, but it is not clear whether some drugs are more likely than others to cause such complications. We compared previous use of NSAIDs in 1144 patients aged 60 and older admitted to hospitals in five large cities with peptic ulcer(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS While patients with Barrett's oesophagus develop oesophageal adenocarcinoma more frequently than the general population, it has controversially been suggested that gastro-oesophageal reflux (GORD) itself is a more important determinant of risk. In order to assess the validity of this suggestion, we examined the risk of oesophageal cancer(More)