Richard F. Loeffler

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SC-49518 (N-[exo-(hexahydro-1H-pyrrolizine-1-yl)methyl]-2-methoxy-4- amino-5-chlorobenzamide HCl), a new benzamide gastrointestinal prokinetic compound, was investigated to determine its ability to stimulate gastrointestinal motility in vivo and whether these actions could be mediated by agonist activity at the putative 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)4 receptor.(More)
Drugs that enhance gastrointestinal motility include the benzamide drugs metoclopramide, cisapride and renzapride (BRL-24924). Because these agents also are serotonin-3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonists, which can promote gastric emptying in some species, the motor-stimulating properties of benzamide agents may be due to this mechanism. Metoclopramide (0.3-3.0(More)
To determine how sulfation alters the biological properties of dihydroxy bile acids, we compared the effects of 3-sulfodeoxycholate (SDC) and deoxycholate (DC) in the rat and rabbit intestine. While 5 mM DC induced water and electrolyte secretion and inhibited glucose absorption in the rat, SDC enhanced jejunal and ileal water and solute absorption. SDC had(More)
Motility-stimulating drugs can increase gastric antral and intestinal contractions but do not usually enhance emptying unless gastroparesis is present. An alpha 2-adrenergic agonist (SC-39585A) was used to inhibit antroduodenal motility and simulate gastroparesis in dogs. SC-39585A caused dose-related inhibition of emptying of solid and liquid meals as well(More)
Auranofin (SKF-D 39162) is an oral gold preparation for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. One of its major side effects is diarrhoea. To determine one possible mechanism for this we compared the effects of auranofin and myochrysine on intestinal water and solute transport in the rat. Jejunal perfusion with 2 mM auranofin (n = 5) induced fluid and(More)
Rho kinase, is the most widely studied downstream effector of the small Rho GTPase RhoA. Two Rho kinase isoforms have been described and are frequently referred to in the literature as ROCK1 and ROCK2. The RhoA-Rho kinase pathway has been implicated in the recruitment of cellular infiltrates to disease loci in a number of preclinical animal models of(More)
A series of pyrrolizidine esters, amides, and ureas was prepared and tested for 5-HT(4) and 5-HT(3) receptor binding, 5-HT(4) receptor agonism in the rat tunica muscularis mucosae (TMM) assay, and for 5-HT(3) receptor-mediated functional antagonism in the Bezold-Jarisch reflex assay. Several pyrrolizidine derivatives were identified with high affinity for(More)
In vivo perfusion experiments were performed in the rat jejunum and colon to test the hypothesis that the changes in intestinal solute transport induced by dihydroxy bile acids and fatty acids are the result of the combined effects of fluid secretion and enhancement of mucosal permeability. The hypothesis predicts that absorption of organic solutes will be(More)
SC-30249 is the active isomer of misoprostol responsible for its mucosal protective effects against nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). Linkage of SC-30249 to a polybutadiene polymer results in a delivery system (SC-55307) that releases the active component only under the acidic conditions of the stomach. This approach could be used to minimize(More)