Richard F. Bevill

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A commercial polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) mixture containing 42% chlorine by weight was fed at the dose level of 20 ppm to 3rd-litter sows throughout gestation and nursing. Treated sows differed significantly (0.05% level) from control sows in the number of live pigs they farrowed. Treated sows also had more mummified fetuses. Performance of live-born(More)
Acute selenium (Se) toxicosis was evaluated in 20 female crossbred sheep, 8 to 14 mo of age. Five groups of 4 sheep each were given 0.4, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, or 1.0 mg Se/kg body weight IM. The LD50 for sodium selenite was 0.7 mg Se/kg body weight with a standard error of 0.035 over a 192 hr observation period. The most evident clinical signs were dyspnea and(More)
The disposition of fenbendazole was studied in goats after oral or IV administration. Plasma concentration vs time profiles were determined for fenbendazole and all of its metabolites. The total excretion of the drug and its metabolites in urine and feces was also measured for 6 days. A biliary cannula was inserted in 1 goat to study the excretion of(More)
Fenbendazole (FBZ) was administered to cattle IV and orally in a crossover design. Plasma concentration vs time profiles were reported for FBZ and its major metabolites, the sulfoxide (oxfendazole) and the sulfone. The total excretion of FBZ and its metabolites in urine and feces was also measured for 6 days after administration. All known metabolites were(More)
Previously reported plasma and urine concentrations of unchanged sulfamethazine and 3 metabolites following intravenous administration of sodium sulfamethazine to young ewe lamb were fitted to a linear pharmacokinetic model in which sulfamethazine itself obeyed 1-compartment phamacokinetics. The average rate constant for overall elimination of(More)
Pharmacokinetic parameters of the disposition of oxytetracycline (OTC) were investigated in healthy cycling dairy cows after a single IV dose of 22 mg/kg of body weight. The biological half-life of OTC was 6.5 hours. These data were used to predict an IV priming dose and a rate of constant IV infusion of OTC sufficient to approach steady-state equilibrium(More)
The pharmacokinetics of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) have been studied in swine. They were studied following i.v. administration of 0.1, 0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg, and following oral doses of 1.0 and 5.0 mg/kg of NDMA. Following a bolus i.v. dose, the concentration of NDMA in blood declined biphasically with a mean distribution half-life of 7 min and a mean(More)
Date from plasma and urine samples from four ewe lambs were analyzed after administration of sulfamerazine as single IV and oral doses. A two-compartment pharmacokinetic model was developed to describe the disposition of sulfamerazine. The drug was eliminated, primarily by renal excretion of (i) unchanged sulfamerazine and metabolism to an acetyl(More)
Surgical procedures have been developed that permit the sampling of portal blood, bile and hepatic blood in intact pigs. Animals so prepared have been used to study liver metabolism and biliary excretion of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) following oral and intravenous dosing.