Learn More
A suite of 37 polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners and all of the homologue groups from mono- to deca-brominated were determined in ringed seal (Phoca hispida) blubber collected from subsistence hunts in the Canadian Arctic in 1981, 1991, 1996, and 2000. Total PBDE (sum(PBDE)) concentrations have increased exponentially over this period in male(More)
The harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) can serve as a useful indicator of food web contamination by persistent organic pollutants (POPs) because of its high trophic level, wide distribution in temperate coastal waters of the Northern Hemisphere, and relative ease of capture. In 1996 through 1997, we live-captured 60 harbor seal pups from three regions, spanning(More)
Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) concentrations were measured in the blubber of five mother-pup pairs of grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) from Sable Island, Nova Scotia (NS) sampled in 1995 and in 20 harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) from British Columbia (BC) sampled in 1991-1992. Concentrations in maternal grey seals from Sable Island averaged 112+/-55.2(More)
Immune function in harbor seal mothers and their pups during lactation was studied on Sable Island, Nova Scotia, Canada, during the springs of 1989 and 1990. Methods included total white blood cell and differential counts, a Protein A enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for total immunoglobulin G (IgG) quantification, and functionality testing of(More)
The effects of chlorinated diphenyl ethers (CDEs) on hepatic mixed-function oxidase (MFO) activities and ultrastructure were examined in the rat and trout after ip administration of 100 mg/kg/day of 4-chlorodiphenyl ether (4-CDE), 2,4-dichlorodiphenyl ether (2,4-diCDE), 2,4,4'-trichlorodiphenyl ether (2,4,4'-triCDE), or 2,4,5,4'-tetrachlorodiphenyl ether(More)
Cholinesterases (ChEs) have been characterized in marbled sole (Limanda yokohamae) for use as a possible biomarker of pollution exposure. In brain, ChEs existed almost exclusively (>95%) as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) whereas in muscle, about 20-30% of ChE activity was in the form of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE; pseudocholinesterase). Acetylthiocholine and(More)
To assess chemical contaminant stress in the marine environment, ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity and cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A) expression were measured in 88 English Sole (Pleuronectes vetulus) collected during May and June 1999 from four sites in Vancouver Harbour and at an expected reference site outside the harbour. Hepatic microsomes were(More)