Richard E Sutton

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Entry of HIV-1 into target cells requires cell-surface CD4 and additional host cell cofactors. A cofactor required for infection with virus adapted for growth in transformed T-cell lines was recently identified and named fusin. However, fusin does not promote entry of macrophage-tropic viruses, which are believed to be the key pathogenic strains in vivo.(More)
Notch signaling is a key mechanism in the control of embryogenesis. However, its in vivo function during mesenchymal cell differentiation, and, specifically, in bone homeostasis, remains largely unknown. Here, we show that osteoblast-specific gain of Notch function causes severe osteosclerosis owing to increased proliferation of immature osteoblasts. Under(More)
Because of their ability to transduce nondividing cells, human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV)-based vectors have great potential for the therapeutic delivery of genes to cells. We describe here a systematic study of the packaging limit of HIV-based vectors. Restriction endonuclease-generated bacterial chromosomal DNA fragments of different lengths were(More)
Notch signaling plays an important role in developmental processes and adult tissue homeostasis. Altered Notch signaling has been associated with various diseases including cancer. While the importance of altered Notch signaling in cancers of hematopoietic and epithelial origins has been established, its role in tumors of mesenchymal origin is less clear.(More)
Professional antigen-presenting cells, such as dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages, are target cells for gene therapy of infectious disease and cancer. However, transduction of DCs and macrophages has proved difficult by most currently available gene transfer methods. Several recent studies have shown that lentiviral vector systems can efficiently(More)
Studies of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) have been hampered by the difficulty of achieving high cell-free and cell-associated infectious titers. Current retroviral pseudotyping systems using the HTLV-1 envelope generate titers of less than 200 infectious particles per ml. We describe here an improved system for pseudotyping using a defective(More)
There is strong evidence that overproduction of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFLT1) in the placenta is a major cause of vascular dysfunction in preeclampsia through sFLT1-dependent antagonism of VEGF. However, the cause of placental sFLT1 upregulation is not known. Here we demonstrated that in women with preeclampsia, sFLT1 is upregulated in(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor injected intracerebroventricularly in a dose of 1 microgram produced a prolonged locomotor activation (3 h) in rats previously habituated to the test cage environment. This activation was reversed by alpha-flupenthixol (intraperitoneally), a dopamine receptor antagonist, only at cataleptic doses and not at all by naloxone(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 vectors are highly efficient in their ability to transduce human progenitor hematopoietic stem cells (PHSC). Although mitosis was not required for transduction of these cells, transduction rates were much greater once cells had been cultured in the presence of cytokines. Transduction rates, however, rarely exceeded(More)