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BACKGROUND Barrett's esophagus, a condition of intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus, is associated with an increased risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma. We assessed whether endoscopic radiofrequency ablation could eradicate dysplastic Barrett's esophagus and decrease the rate of neoplastic progression. METHODS In a multicenter, sham-controlled trial, we(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) can eradicate dysplasia and intestinal metaplasia in patients with dysplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE), and reduce rates of esophageal adenocarcinoma. We assessed long-term rates of eradication, durability of neosquamous epithelium, disease progression, and safety of RFA in patients with dysplastic BE. (More)
In contrast to Western countries, erosive esophagitis has been considered less common, Barrett's esophagus presumed less frequent, and hiatal hernia extremely uncommon in the Orient. However, accelerated modernization and adoption of Western customs have resulted in marked life-style changes in many Asians in the Orient that may potentially affect the(More)
CONTEXT Severe gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a lifelong problem that can be complicated by peptic esophageal stricture and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. OBJECTIVE To determine the long-term outcome of medical and surgical therapies for GERD. DESIGN AND SETTING Follow-up study conducted from October 1997 through October 1999 of a(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The diagnosis and management of Barrett's esophagus (BE) are controversial. We conducted a critical review of the literature in BE to provide guidance on clinically relevant issues. METHODS A multidisciplinary group of 18 participants evaluated the strength and the grade of evidence for 42 statements pertaining to the diagnosis,(More)
OBJECTIVES Barrett's esophagus is a premalignant condition defined by the presence of intestinal metaplasia in the esophagus. Estimates of the incidence of adenocarcinoma developing in patients with Barrett's esophagus vary widely. We prospectively followed a cohort of patients to define the incidence. METHODS Between January 1982 and April 1995, all(More)
OBJECTIVES The molecular factors contributing to the development of Barrett's esophagus (BE) are unclear. Our previous studies showed that BE tissues secrete interleukin-6 (IL-6) and express proteins associated with IL-6 signaling, including IL-6 receptor, activated signal transducer and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3), and antiapoptotic proteins(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic liver disease develops in more than half of patients with post-transfusion hepatitis C, but little is known about the natural history of community-acquired hepatitis C. METHODS In 1985 and 1986 we identified adults with acute non-A, non-B hepatitis in four counties in the United States and followed them prospectively. We used three(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Outcomes of colon surveillance after colorectal cancer screening with colonoscopy are uncertain. We conducted a prospective study to measure incidence of advanced neoplasia in patients within 5.5 years of screening colonoscopy. METHODS Three thousand one hundred twenty-one asymptomatic subjects, age 50 to 75 years, had screening(More)