Richard E. Moore

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Palytoxin has been isolated from the zoanthids "limu-make-o-Hana" (Tentatively identified as Palythoa sp.) as a noncrystalline, chromatographically pure entity. Apart from polypeptide and protein toxins, it is the most highly toxic substance known, with a lethal dose (LD(59)) in mice of 0.15 microgram per kilogram by intravenous injection. Unlike the potent(More)
The cloning, sequencing, annotation and biochemical analysis of the nostopeptolide (nos) biosynthetic gene cluster from the terrestrial cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. GSV224 is described. Nostopeptolides A1 and A2 are cyclic peptide-polyketide hybrid natural products possessing nine amino acid residues, a butyric acid group, and an internal acetate-derived unit(More)
Reconstructing the evolutionary history of nervous systems requires an understanding of their architecture and development across diverse taxa. The spiralians encompass diverse body plans and organ systems, and within the spiralians, annelids exhibit a variety of morphologies, life histories, feeding modes and associated nervous systems, making them an(More)
Chloroform extracts of several seaweeds, of the family Oscillatoriaceae, from Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands, display activity against P-388 lymphocytic mouse leukemia. A P-388 active compound, debromoaplysiatoxin, has been isolated from Lyngbya gracilis and characterized. This compound also has dermonecrotic activity and may be the dermatitis-producing(More)
Two collections of the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya sp. from Guam and Palau that both afforded the potent cytotoxin apratoxin A (1) each yielded different structural analogues with lower degrees of methylation. The new apratoxins, termed apratoxins B (2) and C (3), were evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxicity along with semisynthetic E-dehydroapratoxin A(More)
Symplostatin 1, an analog of dolastatin 10, was recently isolated from cyanobacteria of the genus Symploca. Symplostatin 1 is a potent inhibitor of cell proliferation with IC(50) values in the low nanomolar range and it exhibits efficacy against a variety of cancer cell types. Symplostatin 1 caused the formation of abnormal mitotic spindles and accumulation(More)
Historically, many new anticancer agents were first detected in a prescreen; usually consisting of a molecular/biochemical target or a cellular cytotoxicity assay. The agent then progressed to in vivo evaluation against transplanted human or mouse tumors. If the investigator had a large drug supply and ample resources, multiple tests were possible, with(More)
Ulongapeptin (1), a cyclic depsipeptide, was isolated from a Palauan marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya sp. The gross structure was elucidated through one-dimensional TOCSY experiments and other spectroscopic techniques. The absolute and relative stereochemistry of the beta-amino acid, 3-amino-2-methyl-7-octynoic acid (AMO), in 1 was determined by synthesis of(More)