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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The relationship of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) to long-term adverse events (AEs) is controversial. Although an association with AEs has been previously reported, it is unclear whether CIN is causally related to these AEs. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS We obtained long-term (> or =1 yr) follow-up on 294(More)
CONTEXT Beta-blockers have been shown to decrease cardiovascular risk in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM); however, some components of the metabolic syndrome are worsened by some beta-blockers. OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of beta-blockers with different pharmacological profiles on glycemic and metabolic control in(More)
BACKGROUND No direct comparisons exist of the renal tolerability of the low-osmolality contrast medium iopamidol with that of the iso-osmolality contrast medium iodixanol in high-risk patients. METHODS AND RESULTS The present study is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind comparison of iopamidol and iodixanol in patients with chronic kidney disease(More)
BACKGROUND Renal denervation (RDN) with radiofrequency ablation substantially reduces blood pressure in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension. We assessed the long-term antihypertensive effects and safety. METHODS Symplicity HTN-1 is an open-label study that enrolled 153 patients, of whom 111 consented to follow-up for 36 months. Eligible(More)
Studies from our laboratory suggest that the afferent renal nerves from the clipped kidney enhance sympathetic nervous system activity in established one-kidney, one clip and two-kidney, one clip Goldblatt hypertension. Because adenosine is released during renal ischaemia and adenosine has been shown to increase the frequency of afferent renal nerve(More)
Renal dysfunction associated with contrast media (CM) administration is generally attributed to reduced renal blood flow. Studies, however, also suggest direct tubular effects of CM, whose mechanisms remain unclear. This study was conducted to assess the chemotoxic effects of iopamidol, a prototypic CM, on a porcine proximal tubule (PT) cell line, LLC-PK(1)(More)
Ionic, high-osmolality contrast medium causes nephrotoxicity associated with increased intrarenal adenosine production. To test the hypothesis that oxygen free radicals (produced during intrarenal adenosine catabolism to xanthine) should be implicated in the pathogenesis of ionic, high-osmolality contrast medium nephrotoxicity in humans and to determine(More)
SUMMARY Increased sympathetic nervous system activity has been demonstrated in established two-kidney, one clip hypertension in the rat. To determine the importance of the renal nerves in this model of hyper-tension, renal denervation of the clipped kidney (n = IS), renal denotation of the nondlpped kidney (n = 14), sham operation (n = 20), or undlpping (n(More)
This is a prospective study of 500 consecutive patients having coronary artery bypass surgery; mean hospital charge from time of surgery to discharge was +11,900 +/- 12,700. Multiple regression analysis was performed using preoperative variables and postoperative complications. No preoperative clinical feature was a significant predictor of higher average(More)
Increases in the cardiovascular risk marker microalbuminuria are attenuated by blood pressure reduction using blockers of the renin-angiotensin system. Such changes in microalbuminuria have not been observed when beta-blockers are used. A prespecified secondary end point of the Glycemic Effects in Diabetes Mellitus Carvedilol-Metoprolol Comparison in(More)