Richard E. Katholi

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CONTEXT Beta-blockers have been shown to decrease cardiovascular risk in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM); however, some components of the metabolic syndrome are worsened by some beta-blockers. OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of beta-blockers with different pharmacological profiles on glycemic and metabolic control in(More)
BACKGROUND No direct comparisons exist of the renal tolerability of the low-osmolality contrast medium iopamidol with that of the iso-osmolality contrast medium iodixanol in high-risk patients. METHODS AND RESULTS The present study is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind comparison of iopamidol and iodixanol in patients with chronic kidney disease(More)
BACKGROUND Renal denervation (RDN) with radiofrequency ablation substantially reduces blood pressure in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension. We assessed the long-term antihypertensive effects and safety. METHODS Symplicity HTN-1 is an open-label study that enrolled 153 patients, of whom 111 consented to follow-up for 36 months. Eligible(More)
Efferent renal innervation is composed of postganglionic sympathetic fibers to the renal arterioles, juxtaglomerular apparatus, and renal tubules. Increased efferent renal sympathetic nerve activity results in increased renal vascular resistance, renin release, and sodium retention. These responses from enhanced renal sympathetic activity contribute to(More)
A 45-year-old woman who had lower extremity ecchymoses and vague abdominal and back complaints was found to have acquired functional asplenia manifested by Howell-Jolly bodies and poikilocytosis on peripheral blood smear. On spleen scan there was inability to take up radioactive colloid. Shortly thereafter, she was found to have a spontaneous rupture of the(More)
Renal dysfunction associated with contrast media (CM) administration is generally attributed to reduced renal blood flow. Studies, however, also suggest direct tubular effects of CM, whose mechanisms remain unclear. This study was conducted to assess the chemotoxic effects of iopamidol, a prototypic CM, on a porcine proximal tubule (PT) cell line, LLC-PK(1)(More)
This is a prospective study of 500 consecutive patients having coronary artery bypass surgery; mean hospital charge from time of surgery to discharge was +11,900 +/- 12,700. Multiple regression analysis was performed using preoperative variables and postoperative complications. No preoperative clinical feature was a significant predictor of higher average(More)
BACKGROUND The use of safe iodinated contrast media (CM) to prevent contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is an important consideration among renally impaired diabetic patients during coronary angiography. HYPOTHESIS Diabetic patients with normal or mild renal dysfunction are less likely to receive renal protective measures during angiography, yet they may(More)
Based on previous thromboembolic complications associated with the interruption of anticoagulation during subsequent noncardiac operations in patients with nonbiological mitral prostheses, a protocol was developed for this high risk group. We report the successful management of 26 such operations in which anticoagulation was interrupted for 12 hours and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The relationship of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) to long-term adverse events (AEs) is controversial. Although an association with AEs has been previously reported, it is unclear whether CIN is causally related to these AEs. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS We obtained long-term (> or =1 yr) follow-up on 294(More)