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CONTEXT Beta-blockers have been shown to decrease cardiovascular risk in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM); however, some components of the metabolic syndrome are worsened by some beta-blockers. OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of beta-blockers with different pharmacological profiles on glycemic and metabolic control in(More)
BACKGROUND Renal denervation (RDN) with radiofrequency ablation substantially reduces blood pressure in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension. We assessed the long-term antihypertensive effects and safety. METHODS Symplicity HTN-1 is an open-label study that enrolled 153 patients, of whom 111 consented to follow-up for 36 months. Eligible(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The relationship of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) to long-term adverse events (AEs) is controversial. Although an association with AEs has been previously reported, it is unclear whether CIN is causally related to these AEs. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS We obtained long-term (> or =1 yr) follow-up on 294(More)
A 45-year-old woman who had lower extremity ecchymoses and vague abdominal and back complaints was found to have acquired functional asplenia manifested by Howell-Jolly bodies and poikilocytosis on peripheral blood smear. On spleen scan there was inability to take up radioactive colloid. Shortly thereafter, she was found to have a spontaneous rupture of the(More)
Based on previous thromboembolic complications associated with the interruption of anticoagulation during subsequent noncardiac operations in patients with nonbiological mitral prostheses, a protocol was developed for this high risk group. We report the successful management of 26 such operations in which anticoagulation was interrupted for 12 hours and(More)
Studies from our laboratory suggest that the afferent renal nerves from the clipped kidney enhance sympathetic nervous system activity in established one-kidney, one clip and two-kidney, one clip Goldblatt hypertension. Because adenosine is released during renal ischaemia and adenosine has been shown to increase the frequency of afferent renal nerve(More)
BACKGROUND No direct comparisons exist of the renal tolerability of the low-osmolality contrast medium iopamidol with that of the iso-osmolality contrast medium iodixanol in high-risk patients. METHODS AND RESULTS The present study is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind comparison of iopamidol and iodixanol in patients with chronic kidney disease(More)
Renal dysfunction associated with contrast media (CM) administration is generally attributed to reduced renal blood flow. Studies, however, also suggest direct tubular effects of CM, whose mechanisms remain unclear. This study was conducted to assess the chemotoxic effects of iopamidol, a prototypic CM, on a porcine proximal tubule (PT) cell line, LLC-PK(1)(More)
This is a prospective study of 500 consecutive patients having coronary artery bypass surgery; mean hospital charge from time of surgery to discharge was +11,900 +/- 12,700. Multiple regression analysis was performed using preoperative variables and postoperative complications. No preoperative clinical feature was a significant predictor of higher average(More)
PURPOSE Patients with type 2 diabetes are commonly overweight, which can contribute to poor cardiovascular outcomes. beta-blockers may promote weight gain, or hamper weight loss, and are a concern in high-risk patients. The current analysis of the Glycemic Effect in Diabetes Mellitus: Carvedilol-Metoprolol Comparison in Hypertensives (GEMINI) trial(More)