Richard E Heidel

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BACKGROUND β-Adrenergic antagonist (β-blocker) use in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been avoided as a result of potential risk of pulmonary adverse effects. However, recent studies indicate that β-blocker use in patients with COPD can decrease outpatient visits and either decrease or have no effect on the number of(More)
Leg swelling is a common cause for vascular surgical evaluation, and iliocaval obstruction due to May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) can be difficult to diagnose. Physical examination and planar radiographic imaging give anatomic information but may miss the fundamental pathophysiology of MTS. Similarly, duplex ultrasonographic examination of the legs gives little(More)
OBJECTIVE Vertebral artery injury (VAI) associated with cervical trauma is being increasingly recognized with more aggressive screening. Disparate results from previous literature have led to uncertainty of the significance, natural history, and optimal therapy for VAI. METHODS To understand the natural history and treatment outcomes from our experience,(More)
Background: Atrial fibrillation (Afib) patients are at an increased risk of stroke. Patients at moderate to high risk of stroke typically receive antithrombotics, placing them at an increased risk of bleeding. The HAS-BLED tool has been validated in Afib patients receiving warfarin for prediction of major bleeding events. Although HAS-BLED has been(More)
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are a major burden on the health-care system. The purpose of this study is to investigate factors affecting the healing rate of DFU in a university wound care center. Records of DFU patients treated between July 2013 and February 2015 were reviewed. Demographics, comorbidities, wound characteristics, and treatment modalities(More)
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