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BACKGROUND Although gastric bypass surgery accounts for 80% of bariatric surgery in the United States, only limited long-term data are available on mortality among patients who have undergone this procedure as compared with severely obese persons from a general population. METHODS In this retrospective cohort study, we determined the long-term mortality(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if cigarette smoking is a risk factor for the development of premature facial wrinkling. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Smoking cessation clinic and community. PATIENTS Convenience sample of 132 adult smokers and non-smokers in 1988. MEASUREMENTS A questionnaire was administered to quantify cigarette smoking and to(More)
Despite weight loss recommendations to prevent cancer, cancer outcome studies after intentional weight loss are limited. Recently, reduced cancer mortality following bariatric surgery has been reported. This study tested whether reduced cancer mortality following gastric bypass was due to decreased incidence. Cancer incidence and mortality data through 2007(More)
The molecular etiology of obesity predisposition is largely unknown. Here, we present evidence that genetic variation in TBC1D1 confers risk for severe obesity in females. We identified a coding variant (R125W) in TBC1D1 that segregated with the disease in 4p15-14-linked obesity pedigrees. In cases derived from pedigrees with the strongest linkage evidence,(More)
CONTEXT Extreme obesity is associated with health and cardiovascular disease risks. Although gastric bypass surgery induces rapid weight loss and ameliorates many of these risks in the short term, long-term outcomes are uncertain. OBJECTIVE To examine the association of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery with weight loss, diabetes mellitus, and other(More)
Obese subjects have a high prevalence of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. It is unclear to what extent LV hypertrophy results directly from obesity or from associated conditions, such as hypertension, impaired glucose homeostasis, or obstructive sleep apnea. We tested the hypothesis that LV hypertrophy in severe obesity is associated with additive effects(More)
BACKGROUND Previous research has found that health-related quality of life (HRQOL) differs among obese individuals depending on treatment-seeking status, with greater impairments found in obese individuals seeking treatments of greatest intensity. The goals of this study were to determine: 1) if there are differences in obesity-specific HRQOL between(More)
We calculated age-adjusted incidence rates per 100,000 by religion (Mormon, non-Mormon) for Utah (United States) using the 49,182 cancer cases occurring between 1971-85. For all causes of cancer, the rate in Utah for male members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS or Mormons) was about 24 percent less than the comparable US rate. There(More)
OBJECTIVES Reduced sexual quality of life is a frequently reported yet rarely studied consequence of obesity. The objectives of this study were to 1) examine the prevalence of sexual quality-of-life difficulties in obese individuals and 2) investigate the association between sexual quality of life and BMI class, sex, and obesity treatment-seeking status. (More)
Favorable health outcomes at 2 years postbariatric surgery have been reported. With exception of the Swedish Obesity Subjects (SOS) study, these studies have been surgical case series, comparison of surgery types, or surgery patients compared to subjects enrolled in planned nonsurgical intervention. This study measured gastric bypass effectiveness when(More)