Richard E. Gillilan

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Fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) delivers ligands from the cytosol to the nuclear receptor PPARgamma in the nucleus, thereby enhancing the transcriptional activity of the receptor. Notably, FABP4 binds multiple ligands with a similar affinity but its nuclear translocation is activated only by specific compounds. To gain insight into the structural(More)
FABP4 delivers specific ligands from the cytosol to the nuclear receptor PPARgamma in the nucleus, thereby facilitating the ligation and enhancing the transcriptional activity of the receptor. Here, we delineate the structural features that underlie the nucleocytoplasmic transport of FABP4. The primary sequence of FABP4 does not harbor a readily(More)
The crystal structures of the cytoplasmic domain of the putative zinc transporter CzrB in the apo and zinc-bound forms reported herein are consistent with the protein functioning in vivo as a homodimer. NMR, X-ray scattering, and size-exclusion chromatography provide support for dimer formation. Full-length variants of CzrB in the apo and zinc-loaded states(More)
The pleiotropic effects of retinoic acid (RA) in mammalian cells are mediated by two classes of proteins: the retinoic acid receptors (RAR), and cellular retinoic acid binding proteins (CRABP-I and CRABP-II). The high conservation across species and the differential expression patterns of the two CRABPs suggest that they serve distinct biological functions.(More)
Human APOBEC3G (hA3G) is a cytidine deaminase that restricts human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection in a vif (the virion infectivity factor from HIV)-dependent manner. hA3G from HIV-permissive activated CD4+ T-cells exists as an inactive, high molecular mass (HMM) complex that can be transformed in vitro into an active, low molecular mass (LMM)(More)
The overall conformations of regulated myosins or heavy meromyosins from chicken/turkey, scallop, tarantula, limulus, and scorpion sources have been studied by a number of techniques, including electron microscopy, sedimentation, and pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance. These studies have indicated that the binding of regulatory ions changes the(More)
Virtually every biological process involves protein-protein contact but relatively few protein-protein complexes have been solved by X-ray crystallography. As more individual protein structures become available, computational methods are likely to play increasingly important roles in defining these interactions. Tubulin folding and dimer formation are(More)
Tarantula striated muscle is an outstanding system for understanding the molecular organization of myosin filaments. Three-dimensional reconstruction based on cryo-electron microscopy images and single-particle image processing revealed that, in a relaxed state, myosin molecules undergo intramolecular head-head interactions, explaining why head activity(More)
With recent advances in data analysis algorithms, X-ray detectors and synchrotron sources, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) has become much more accessible to the structural biology community. Although limited to ∼10 Å resolution, SAXS can provide a wealth of structural information on biomolecules in solution and is compatible with a wide range of(More)
X-ray scattering of biological macromolecules in solution is an increasingly popular tool for structural biology and benefits greatly from modern high-brightness synchrotron sources. The upgraded MacCHESS BioSAXS station is now located at the 49-pole wiggler beamline G1. The 20-fold improved flux over the previous beamline F2 provides higher sample(More)