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The current experiments examined the effects of acute or repeated, intermittent administrations of cocaine on the acquisition and reversal of object discriminations by Vervet monkeys in order to test the hypothesis that cocaine treatment affects performance of tasks that depend upon the functions of the orbitofrontal cortex and amygdala. An acute dose of(More)
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and methamphetamine (METH) are amphetamine analogues with similar persistent neurochemical effects in the mouse which some have described as neurotoxicity. We attempted to identify dose regimens of MDMA and METH with similar effects on behavioral and physiological variables in the mouse, then quantified the effects(More)
Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats exhibit hyperresponsive neuroendocrine and behavioral responses to stress that exceed normal controls and are especially prone to develop stress-induced depressive disorder. Pharmacological studies indicate altered serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) systems functioning in WKY rats, yet no attempt has been made to(More)
Bupropion is an antidepressant with stimulant properties, which inhibits the reuptake of dopamine (DA) and norepinepherine, and is purported to enhance DA neurotransmission. Bupropion is considered an appealing candidate medication for the treatment of methamphetamine dependence. The current laboratory study was set forth to assess the impact of bupropion(More)
We used RT-PCR to clone monoamine transporters from Macaca mulatta, Macaca fasicularis and Saimiri sciureus (dopamine transporter; DAT) and Macaca mulatta (norepinephrine transporter; NET and serotonin transporter; SERT). Monkey DAT, NET and SERT proteins were >98% homologous to human and, when expressed in HEK-293 cells, displayed drug affinities and(More)
The D(4) dopamine receptor has been investigated for its potential role in neuropsychiatric disorders, "novelty-seeking" behaviors, and effects produced by some psychostimulants. An accurate map of D(4) distribution and density in brain is essential to clarify the role of this receptor subtype in normal brain function and in neuropsychiatric disorders. We(More)
The stimulant effects of cocaine and methamphetamine are mediated by changes in synaptic concentrations of brain monoamines; however, the drugs alter monoamine levels via different mechanisms. This study examined the subjective and cardiovascular responses produced by investigational administration of cocaine or methamphetamine, in order to examine the(More)
A human laboratory model of intravenous methamphetamine self-administration may facilitate study of putative treatments for methamphetamine addiction. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled, between groups investigation of the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor rivastigmine in non-treatment-seeking volunteers who met criteria for methamphetamine(More)
Clinical studies have suggested the involvement of 5-HT1A receptors in anxiety and depressive disorders because partial 5-HT1A receptor agonists such as buspirone are therapeutic. The present review considers evidence from genetic animal models that support a role for 5-HT1A receptors in anxiety-like and depressed-like behavior in animals. Selective(More)
RATIONALE To determine the association between MDMA misuse and neurocognition using meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE Separate analyses were conducted based on two sets of inclusion/exclusion criteria. A relatively stringent set required that the subjects be matched on important moderator variables, whereas the other did not. The study participants' performance in(More)