Richard Dawkins

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An adaptation in one lineage (e.g. predators) may change the selection pressure on another lineage (e.g. prey), giving rise to a counter-adaptation. If this occurs reciprocally, an unstable runaway escalation or 'arms race' may result. We discuss various factors which might give one side an advantage in an arms race. For example, a lineage under strong(More)
Eavesdrop morning coffee at any major centre of evolutionary theory today, and you will find 'parasite' to be one of the commonest words in the language. Parasites are touted as prime movers in the evolution of sex, promising the final solution to that problem of problems, the puzzle that led G. C. Williams to proclaim in 1975 'a kind of crisis' at hand in(More)
Two alternative “strategies” will not coexist in a population unless on average they are equally successful. The most likely way for such an equilibrium to be maintained is through something equivalent to frequencydependent selection. Females of the digger wasp Sphex ichneumoneus (Sphecidae) nest in underground burrows. They usually dig and provision these(More)
Social science in general and political science in particular have been resistant to the mobilization of evolutionary and specifically Darwinian ideas for analytic and explanatory purposes. This paper documents a disconnect between political scientists and standard evolutionary theory. Historical institutionalism is identified as a subfield particularly(More)
During the 7th Complement Genetics Workshop, Mainz, Germany, May 1998, a complement component C4 typing exercise took place with the aim of applying present technologies to the definition of reference C4 alleles/phenotypes and the recognition of nonexpressed (Q0) C4 alleles within expressed haplotypes. Eleven samples were submitted from 3 laboratories and(More)