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Preface. The quintessence of Darwinism: " … non-random reproduction, where there is hereditary variation, has consequences that are far-reaching if there is time for them to be cumulative. " (xi) Unfortunately, the timescales involved are much longer than ones we are attuned to by ordinary experience and for ordinary purposes.
An adaptation in one lineage (e.g. predators) may change the selection pressure on another lineage (e.g. prey), giving rise to a counter-adaptation. If this occurs reciprocally, an unstable runaway escalation or 'arms race' may result. We discuss various factors which might give one side an advantage in an arms race. For example, a lineage under strong(More)
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How do species evolve? Richard Dawkins, one of the worlds most eminent zoologists, likens the process to scaling a huge, Himalaya-size peak, the Mount Improbable of his title. An alpinist does not leap from sea level to the summit; neither does a species utterly change forms overnight, but instead follows a course of slow, cumulative, one-step-at-a-time,(More)
1991 The haven all memes depend on reaching is the human mind, but a human mind is itself an artifact created when memes restructure a human brain in order to make it a better habitat for memes. The avenues for entry and departure are modified to suit local conditions, and strengthened by various artificial devices that enhance fidelity and prolixity of(More)
During the 7th Complement Genetics Workshop, Mainz, Germany, May 1998, a complement component C4 typing exercise took place with the aim of applying present technologies to the definition of reference C4 alleles/phenotypes and the recognition of nonexpressed (Q0) C4 alleles within expressed haplotypes. Eleven samples were submitted from 3 laboratories and(More)