Richard Daculsi

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Association of the bone-forming osteoblasts (OBs) and vascular endothelial cells (ECs) into a biomaterial composite provides a live bone graft substitute that can repair the bone defect when implanted. An intimate functional relationship exists between these cell types. This communication is crucial to the coordinated cell behaviour necessary for bone(More)
The replacement of arteries with synthetic vascular prostheses often leads to failure when small-diameter or low-flow locations are concerned, due in part to the thrombogenicity of the graft surface. In order to improve long-term patency of these grafts, the concept of endothelial cell seeding has been suggested, the composite structure resulting from the(More)
The isolation of endothelial progenitor cells from human peripheral blood generates a great hope in vascular tissue engineering because of particular benefit when compared with mature endothelial cells. We explored the capability of progenitor-derived endothelial cells (PDECs) to line fibrin and collagen scaffolds in comparison with human saphenous and(More)
In our previous studies, roles of gap junction and vascular endothelial growth factor in the cross-talking of human bone marrow stromal cells (HBMSCs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) have been extensively studied. The present study focused on the investigation of the roles of neural (N)-cadherin in early differentiation of HBMSCs in(More)
Two dimensional (2D) co-cultures of human bone marrow stromal cells (HBMSCs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) stimulate osteoblastic differentiation of HBMSCs, induce the formation of self-assembled network and cell interactions between the two cell types involving many vascular molecules. Because of their strong activities on(More)
Angiogenesis is very important for vascularized tissue engineering. In this study, we found that a two-dimensional co-culture of human bone marrow stromal cell (HBMSC) and human umbical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) is able to stimulate the migration of co-cultured HUVEC and induce self-assembled network formation. During this process, expression of(More)
Vascular surgery for atherosclerosis is confronted by the lack of a suitable bypass material. Tissue engineering strives to produce bio-artificial conduits to provide resistance to thrombosis. The objectives of our study were to culture endothelial cells (EC) on composite assemblies of extracellular matrix proteins, and to evaluate the cellular phenotype(More)
NK activity is regulated by arachidonic acid metabolites. More precisely PGE2 and LTB4 decreases and increases respectively non-MHC-restricted cytotoxicity in humans. We have observed similar data in mice since NK activity was inhibited by PGE2 (10(-6) to 10(-8) M) and enhanced by LTB4 (10(-8) to 10(-12) M). On the other hand when PGE2 and LTB4 were(More)
Shear stress is one of mechanical constraints which are exerted by blood flow on endothelial cells (ECs). To adapt to shear stress, ECs align in the direction of flow through adherens junction (AJ) remodeling. However, mechanisms regulating ECs alignment under shear stress are poorly understood. The scaffold protein IQ domain GTPase activating protein 1(More)
The effects of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) have been studied on a highly purified population of murine IL-2 activated killer cells obtained by selecting plastic-adherent splenocytes (AK cells) after incubation with high doses of recombinant IL-2. AK cells were highly cytotoxic for YAC-1 target cells. The cytotoxic activity was detectable at one hour after(More)