Richard D Torkelson

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OBJECTIVE To determine the outcome of intermittent left vagal nerve stimulation on the first 100 consecutive patients treated at our pediatric epilepsy center. METHODS Patients were identified by means of operating room records. Data collected described the patient's epilepsy, previous and subsequent therapies, adverse events, nonepileptic changes, and(More)
Pseudotumor cerebri occurs in many diverse endocrine and nonendocrine disorders. We report what we believe is a new association following initiation of thyroxine (T4) replacement in hypothalamic hypothyroidism, as well as another occurrence following T4 replacement in primary hypothyroidism. The less than benign clinical course reported in these two(More)
A 17-year-old man with the Kleine-Levin syndrome died unexpectedly of cardiopulmonary arrest during a period of autonomic instability that followed an episode of megaphagia. At autopsy, the only pertinent finding was mild depigmentation of the locus ceruleus and substantia nigra. Premortem CSF levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic(More)
This report describes five patients who, following a neurologically complicated primary Epstein-Barr virus infection, developed progressive or relapsing neurologic deficits. The sequelae in four patients followed 4 to 12 years led to the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS). The fifth patient presented with acute disseminated sclerosis and exhibits diffuse(More)
Computed tomography (CT) scans provide three-dimensional information about intracranial structures, which can be used to place stereotactically guided radiofrequency (RF) lesions and destroy a targeted volume of tissue. This technique was used for lesioning of the corpus callosum (CC) or the amygdala-hippocampus complex (AHC) in 9 patients with intractable(More)
BACKGROUND Vagus nerve stimulation was approved in 1997 as an adjunctive treatment of partial-onset seizures refractory to medical therapy. Subsequent to the initial clinical trials, few studies have been published specifically addressing perioperative management issues. OBJECTIVES To review the operative technique and perioperative management of patients(More)
Dominant seizure foci (DSF) are seizure foci that do not respond to multiple subpial transections (MST). DSF were isolated in 15/31 patients who underwent MST in the past 6 years. These patients had MST over both hemispheres (6 patients) or over multiple lobes of one hemisphere (9 patients). DSF measured 0.5-1 cm in diameter and numbered 1-4 (in each(More)
Minimally invasive procedures (multiple subpial transection, topectomy and amygdalahippocampotomy) were used to treat 24 patients with intractable seizures. The seizure foci were in both hemispheres in 3 patients, all 4 lobes of a hemisphere in 1 patient, 3 lobes of a hemisphere in 5 patients, 2 lobes of a hemisphere in 11 patients and the temporal lobe(More)
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of the central nervous system (CNS) has many potentially useful interventional neuroradiologic applications. CNS SPECT allows easy and safe evaluation of the collateral circulation during internal carotid balloon test occlusion. The cerebrovascular distribution of intracarotid amobarbital sodium, which is(More)
Normocephalic children found to have ventriculomegaly during evaluation of long-standing (4.5-8.5 years) neurological disorder were tested for academic achievement, intellectual quotient and neuropsychological functioning. Radioactive iodinated serum cisternography, pre and post-shunt electrophysiological studies (visual evoked responses, brainstem auditory(More)