Richard D Torkelson

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OBJECTIVE To determine the outcome of intermittent left vagal nerve stimulation on the first 100 consecutive patients treated at our pediatric epilepsy center. METHODS Patients were identified by means of operating room records. Data collected described the patient's epilepsy, previous and subsequent therapies, adverse events, nonepileptic changes, and(More)
Computed tomography (CT) scans provide three-dimensional information about intracranial structures, which can be used to place stereotactically guided radiofrequency (RF) lesions and destroy a targeted volume of tissue. This technique was used for lesioning of the corpus callosum (CC) or the amygdala-hippocampus complex (AHC) in 9 patients with intractable(More)
This report describes five patients who, following a neurologically complicated primary Epstein-Barr virus infection, developed progressive or relapsing neurologic deficits. The sequelae in four patients followed 4 to 12 years led to the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS). The fifth patient presented with acute disseminated sclerosis and exhibits diffuse(More)
Dominant seizure foci (DSF) are seizure foci that do not respond to multiple subpial transections (MST). DSF were isolated in 15/31 patients who underwent MST in the past 6 years. These patients had MST over both hemispheres (6 patients) or over multiple lobes of one hemisphere (9 patients). DSF measured 0.5-1 cm in diameter and numbered 1-4 (in each(More)
Normocephalic children found to have ventriculomegaly during evaluation of long-standing (4.5-8.5 years) neurological disorder were tested for academic achievement, intellectual quotient and neuropsychological functioning. Radioactive iodinated serum cisternography, pre and post-shunt electrophysiological studies (visual evoked responses, brainstem auditory(More)
Pseudotumor cerebri occurs in many diverse endocrine and nonendocrine disorders. We report what we believe is a new association following initiation of thyroxine (T4) replacement in hypothalamic hypothyroidism, as well as another occurrence following T4 replacement in primary hypothyroidism. The less than benign clinical course reported in these two(More)
Brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) were studied in a "locked-in" syndrome resulting from multiple occlusions of paramedian pontine arteries. Abnormality of BAEPs (first recorded 10 days after infarction) indicated that brainstem damage extended beyond the basis pontis, where, typically, interruption of corticospinal pathways results in the(More)
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of the central nervous system (CNS) has many potentially useful interventional neuroradiologic applications. CNS SPECT allows easy and safe evaluation of the collateral circulation during internal carotid balloon test occlusion. The cerebrovascular distribution of intracarotid amobarbital sodium, which is(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with multilobar or bihemispheric seizure foci (MLBHSF) are generally not considered candidates for major resective surgery because of the high risk of complications. A combination of relatively less invasive surgical procedures were used to treat 19 patients with intractable seizures with MLBHSF. METHODS Epileptogenic areas were(More)
Minimally invasive procedures (multiple subpial transection, topectomy and amygdalahippocampotomy) were used to treat 24 patients with intractable seizures. The seizure foci were in both hemispheres in 3 patients, all 4 lobes of a hemisphere in 1 patient, 3 lobes of a hemisphere in 5 patients, 2 lobes of a hemisphere in 11 patients and the temporal lobe(More)