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The unique metabolic profile of cancer (aerobic glycolysis) might confer apoptosis resistance and be therapeutically targeted. Compared to normal cells, several human cancers have high mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsim) and low expression of the K+ channel Kv1.5, both contributing to apoptosis resistance. Dichloroacetate (DCA) inhibits(More)
The maize locus, Opaque-2, controls the expression in developing endosperm of structural genes encoding a family of storage proteins, the 22 kd zeins, and an abundant albumin, termed b-32. It is shown that the promoter of the b-32 gene is activated in vivo in the presence of the O2 gene product and that the information necessary for this activation resides(More)
Poly(A)+ RNA isolated from the developing wheat endosperm var. Chinese Spring, has been used as template for the construction of a cDNA library. Within the library, clones have been identified by in vitro translation of hybrid-selected mRNA which encode alpha/beta gliadin related sequences and gamma-gliadin related sequences. The DNA sequence of one such(More)
In maize, cells at the base of the endosperm are transformed into transfer cells that facilitate nutrient uptake by the developing seed. ZmMRP-1 is the first transfer cell-specific transcriptional activator to be identified. The protein it encodes contains nuclear localization signals and a MYB-related DNA binding domain. A single gene copy is present in(More)
The developing cereal grain accumulates large quantities of proteins which are unique to the endosperm tissue. The DNA sequences which determine their endosperm-specific expression have not yet been identified. In the absence of a suitable transformation-regeneration system for cereals, we have investigated whether chimaeric genes consisting of low mol. wt(More)
The structure of the zein regulatory gene Opaque 2 of Zea mays has been determined by sequence analysis of genomic and cDNA clones. The size of O2 mRNA is 1751 bp [poly(A) tail not included] containing a major open reading frame (ORF) of 1380 bp preceded by three short ORFs of 3, 21 and 20 amino acid residues. The main ORF comprises 1362 bp and is composed(More)
A cDNA clone, BET1 (for basal endosperm transfer layer), was isolated from a cDNA bank prepared from 10-days after pollination (DAP) maize endosperm mRNA. BET1 mRNA was shown to encode a 7-kD cell wall polypeptide. Both the mRNA and protein were restricted in their distribution to the basal endosperm transfer layer and were not expressed elsewhere in the(More)
We describe here the cloning of single EcoRI fragments from the tra region of F DNA using ColE1::Tn3 as vector. These plasmids, as well as the series of Skurray et al. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 73:64-68, 1976), have been used to refine the map positions of tra cistrons on the F factor as well as to define a new DNA transfer cistron, traM. The current(More)
Allelic complexity is a key feature of self-incompatibility (S) loci in gametophytic plants. We describe in this report the allelic diversity and gene structure of the S locus in Solanum tuberosum revealed by the isolation and characterization of genomic and cDNA clones encoding S-associated major pistil proteins from three alleles (S 1, S r1, S 2). Genomic(More)