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A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the ability of Echinacea purpurea to prevent infection with rhinovirus type 39 (RV-39). Forty-eight previously healthy adults received echinacea or placebo, 2.5 mL 3 times per day, for 7 days before and 7 days after intranasal inoculation with RV-39. Symptoms were(More)
Resistance to methyl parathion insecticide has evolved in the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens, and several biochemical mechanisms have been identified in various strains. Reduced sensitivity of acetylcholinesterase to inhibition by methyl paraoxon, the active metabolite of the insecticide, is controlled by a single autosomal locus, AceIn. We report(More)
Due to their versatile properties, robust behavior, facile processability and low cost, organic polymers have become the material of choice for an increasing number of mature and cutting-edge technologies. In the last decade or so, a new class of polymers capable of responding to external electrical stimulation by displaying significant size or shape change(More)
Studies have suggested that when chlorine dioxide is contained in a mouthrinse, it neutralizes volatile sulfur compounds in mouth air. The efficacy of a chlorine dioxide-containing mouthrinse in the reduction of oral malodor was evaluated in a randomized, controlled, double-blind, parallel group study of 31 men and women. Subjects with a maximum odor(More)
BACKGROUND The use of multiple topical drugs for the treatment of acne may cause elevated irritation. Therefore, the selection of a combination regimen should include a careful consideration of the irritation potential of the individual acne medications. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS To compare the cumulative irritation potential of adapalene gel 0.1%, tazarotene(More)
An undated Cordis Ducor polyurethane coronary catheter fractured and separated in the aortic arch during a cardiac catheterization, and was removed with an intravascular retriever. The recovered specimen appeared brittle, prompting an investigation of the effects of aging on the tensile strength of 91 polyurethane catheters manufactured by Cordis and the(More)
The efficacy of a chlorine dioxide-containing mouthrinse in reducing oral malodor was compared to that of a water control in randomized, double-blind crossover study in 12 male and female subjects. Entrance criteria required a score of < or = 1 (slightly unpleasant/stale) on a 7-point ordinal odor pleasantness scale at both screening and baseline. On the(More)
Abdominal aortic aneurysms are rare in children. Causes include mycotic aneurysms, vasculitides (eg, Takayasu's arteritis), connective tissue diseases (eg, Marfan's syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, and tuberous sclerosis) and traumatic false aneurysms. Four cases are described. Case 1 was a 12-year-old boy who presented with an acute unheralded rupture of(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Braun Oral-B OxyJet (MD15) Oral Irrigator when used as an adjunct to manual brushing. MATERIALS AND METHODS 64 subjects with mild-to-moderate gingivitis entered this randomized, parallel-group, examiner-blind 8-week study. Subjects were assigned to use either the MD15 and a manual brush, or a manual brush(More)
Acute cough due to viral upper respiratory tract infection (URI) is the most common form of cough and accounts for tremendous expenditure on prescription and non-prescription cough products worldwide. However, few agents have been shown in properly conducted clinical trials to be effective for cough due to URI. The present study evaluated the effect of(More)