Richard D. Dix

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Twenty-three strains of herpes simplex virus type 1 were compared for their pathogenicity in 4-week-old BALB/c mice after peripheral (footpad) or intracerebral inoculation. Among those strains examined were (i) six clinical isolates of brain or cerebrospinal fluid origin, (ii) seven clinical isolates of oral or genital origin, (iii) five prototype(More)
We examined the axonal transport of two strains of herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) within the central nervous system of cebus monkeys. Each strain was injected into the "arm area" of the primary motor cortex. One strain, HSV-1(McIntyre-B), was transported transneuronally in the retrograde direction. It infected neurons at sites known to project to the arm(More)
PURPOSE To determine if prior exposure to pathogens associated with vascular disease, cytomegalovirus, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Helicobacter pylori correlates with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). DESIGN An experimental study. METHODS SETTING Institutional. Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, October 2001 to December 2002. PATIENT(More)
Progressive ascending myelitis was the presenting feature of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in a homosexual man who also had Kaposi's sarcoma, Pneumocystis pneumonia, and disseminated cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. Neuropathological studies showed profuse cytomegalic cells throughout the brain and spinal cord, but no inflammatory response.(More)
Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is characterized by focal lesions of hemorrhage and necrosis, primarily in the inferior temporal lobe. Since immunosuppressed patients with HSE lack the focal inflammatory changes and temporal lobe localization, it has been suggested that the immune system participates in the pathogenesis of HSE. Evaluation of this(More)
Groups of 5-week-old BALB/c mice were immunized intraperitoneally with approximately 10 micrograms of purified alum-precipitated glycoprotein gB or gD of either herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2) origin. Control mice received injections of alum-precipitated 1% bovine serum albumin (BSA). Following a second immunization 4 weeks later,(More)
The authors have isolated herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) from the vitreous of two patients with acute retinal necrosis. Clinical and laboratory data suggest that one case represented a primary HSV-1 infection, whereas the other case appeared to be a recurrent HSV-1 infection. In the primary case, changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggest(More)
Although various methods of immunosuppression have been used to enhance susceptibility of mice to murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) retinitis, none reproduce the unique complexity of immune deficiency experienced by patients during the progression of AIDS. C57BL/6 mice are susceptible to a retrovirus-induced murine acquired immune deficiency syndrome (MAIDS),(More)
Experiments were performed to explore the ability of murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) to disseminate to the eye following intravenous inoculation and to cause infection of ocular tissues and necrotizing retinitis in C57BL/6 mice with retrovirus-induced immunodeficiency syndrome (MAIDS). Although infectious virus could be detected in whole eye homogenates of(More)
AIDS-related human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) retinitis continues to be a chronic ophthalmologic problem among human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected patients who do not respond to highly active antiretroviral therapy. Although HCMV retinitis occurs during HIV-1-induced immunosuppression, the precise effector mechanism(s) that fails during the(More)