Richard D. Cummings

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Here we describe a glycan microarray constructed by using standard robotic microarray printing technology to couple amine functionalized glycans to an amino-reactive glass slide. The array comprises 200 synthetic and natural glycan sequences representing major glycan structures of glycoproteins and glycolipids. The array has remarkable utility for profiling(More)
Human core 1 beta3-galactosyltransferase (C1beta3Gal-T) generates the core 1 O-glycan Galbeta1-3GalNAcalpha1-SerThr (T antigen), which is a precursor for many extended O-glycans in animal glycoproteins. We report here that C1beta3Gal-T activity requires expression of a molecular chaperone designated Cosmc (core 1 beta3-Gal-T-specific molecular chaperone).(More)
Neutrophils roll on P-selectin expressed by activated platelets or endothelial cells under the shear stresses in the microcirculation. P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is a high affinity ligand for P-selectin on myeloid cells. However, it has not been demonstrated that PSGL-1 contributes to the rolling of neutrophils on P-selectin. We developed two(More)
Leukocytes use the cell-surface mucin P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) to tether to and roll on P-selectin on activated endothelial cells and platelets. By using surface plasmon resonance, we measured the affinity and kinetics of binding of soluble monomeric human P-selectin to immobilized PSGL-1 from human neutrophils. Binding was specific, as(More)
Human galectins have functionally divergent roles, although most of the members of the galectin family bind weakly to the simple disaccharide lactose (Galbeta1-4Glc). To assess the specificity of galectin-glycan interactions in more detail, we explored the binding of several important galectins (Gal-1, Gal-2, and Gal-3) using a dose-response approach toward(More)
The common core 1 O-glycan structure Galbeta1--> 3GalNAc-R is the precursor for many extended mucin-type O-glycan structures in animal cell surface and secreted glycoproteins. Core 1 is synthesized by the transfer of Gal from UDP-Gal to GalNAcalpha1-R by core 1 beta3-galactosyltransferase (core 1 beta3-Gal-T). Amino acid sequences from purified rat core 1(More)
P-selectin (CD62, GMP-140, PADGEM), a Ca(2+)-dependent lectin on activated platelets and endothelium, functions as a receptor for myeloid cells by interacting with sialylated, fucosylated lactosaminoglycans. P-selectin binds to a limited number of protease-sensitive sites on myeloid cells, but the protein(s) that carry the glycans recognized by P-selectin(More)
P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is a dimeric membrane mucin on leukocytes that binds selectins. The molecular features of PSGL-1 that determine this high affinity binding are unclear. Here we demonstrate the in vitro synthesis of a novel glycosulfopeptide (GSP-6) modeled after the extreme N terminus of PSGL-1, which has been predicted to be(More)
P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is a mucin on leukocytes that binds to selectins. P-selectin binds to an N-terminal region of PSGL-1 that requires sulfation of at least one of three clustered tyrosines (TyrSO(3)) and an adjacent core-2-based O-glycan expressing sialyl Lewis x (C2-O-sLe(x)). We synthesized glycosulfopeptides (GSPs) modeled after(More)